The World Bank pioneered global HIV and AIDS financing early in the emergency and remains committed to achieving Millennium Development Goal 6, to halt by 2015 and begin to reverse the spread of HIV and AIDS, through prevention, care, treatment, and mitigation services for those affected by HIV and AIDS.
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Vienna/Washington, July 21, 2010 — HIV prevalence in India and South Asia is growing among sex workers, injecting drug users, and other marginalized groups largely because of a widespread failure to prevent... Show More + stigma and discrimination toward people living with AIDS, or at high risk of contracting the virus, according to a new report launched today at the global AIDS summit in Vienna, Austria.The new report by the World Bank and the International Centre for Research on Women―Tackling HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination in South Asia―says that despite prevention and other efforts to reduce high-risk behaviors such as unprotected sex, buying and selling of sex, and injecting drug use, HIV vulnerability and risk remain high. Stigmatizing attitudes in the general population and discriminatory treatment by health providers and local officials, among others, intensify the marginalization of vulnerable groups at highest risk, driving them further from the reach of health services and desperate Show Less -
IBRD Loan: US$67 million equivalentTerms: Maturity = 30 years; Grace = 5 yearsProject ID: P113540 Project Description: The project will increase prevention, care and treatment... Show More + services for groups most at risk of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in the country, and support the Government’s efforts to improve health program performance through improved governance, decentralization and results-based management. The Government has invested heavily in the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS and other STDs, targeting groups most at risk, and offering antiretroviral treatment – free of charge – to all identified patients who qualify for it. However, Brazil is witnessing changes in the epidemic’s profile and is seeking to fine tune its policy. In recent years, the epidemic has been spreading to women, poorer groups, and towards the interior of the country. Show Less -
The objective of the project is to enable the Government of Nepal to increase access to essential health care services and their utilization by the underserved and the poor.Health indicationsNepal’s health... Show More + sector has seen impressive progress in the past few years. Infant mortality declined from 79 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1991-94 to 48 deaths in 2001-2005. An even more impressive decline was observed in under-five mortality, which declined by 48% from 118 to 61 deaths per 1,000 live births over the same period.A recent survey (NFHP 2009) confirmed that the declining trends in mortality rates continue; both infant and under-five mortality have further declined to 41 and 50 per 1000 live births respectively in 2004-2008. Several of Nepal’s immunization and nutrition programs are also performing very well. Between 1996 and 2006, full immunization coverage rose from 43%to 83%.However, not all segments of the society equally benefit from the progress. “Inequality in health outcomes, Show Less -