The World Bank pioneered global HIV and AIDS financing early in the emergency and remains committed to achieving Millennium Development Goal 6, to halt by 2015 and begin to reverse the spread of HIV and AIDS, through prevention, care, treatment, and mitigation services for those affected by HIV and AIDS.
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New Studies Show Potential Impact of Programs for Sex Workers, People Who Inject Drugs, and Men Who Have Sex with MenWASHINGTON, November 28, 2012 – As the world prepares to commemorate World AIDS Day... Show More + on December 1, two new World Bank studies urge governments and their development partners to provide better prevention, care, and treatment services for sex workers and people who inject drugs as an important step toward ensuring a world free of AIDS.The studies are the second and third in a three-part series on key populations at higher risk in low- and middle-income countries. In June 2011, the World Bank and partners launched the first study, which focused on men who have sex with men.“In many countries, sex workers, people who inject drugs, and men who have sex with men remain marginalized in society and vulnerable to HIV,” said David Wilson, World Bank Global AIDS Program Director. “Even in countries with epidemics in the general population, these groups are disproportionately affect Show Less -
The Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan, though isolated geographically, is not impervious to HIV. Increasing cross‐border migration and international travel, combined with behavioral risk factors, mean... Show More + Bhutan could face increases in HIV infections. With HIV prevalence currently very low, there is still time to stop its spread.State of the Epidemic To date, with more than 14,000 people tested in a population of less than 700,000, only around 200 cases of HIV have been detected in Bhutan. People tested include general population (mostly ANC attendees), armed forces, prison inmates, truckers/taxi drivers and STI and TB patients, and some sex workers, tested through various means, including blood donation, contact tracing, surveillance, voluntary testing and medical referrals. This places prevalence at well below 0.01 percent. UNAIDS estimates that about less than 1000 people could have been living with HIV/ AIDS at the end of 2009, most of whom are unaware they are infected. Given efforts Show Less -
WASHINGTON, June 8, 2011 – On the eve of a UN summit to renew global efforts to reverse the HIV/AIDS pandemic, 30 years after the first discovery of the HIV virus, a new World Bank study urges governments... Show More + and their development donors to provide better HIV prevention, care, and treatment services for men who have sex with men (MSM) as an essential step toward reversing the global epidemic. More than 25 million people have died of HIV/AIDS since the virus was first clinically identified in 1981.Written in close partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the new study―Global HIV Epidemics Among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM): Epidemiology, Prevention, Access to Care and Human Rights―provides the first comprehensive economic analysis of evidence that MSM are at significantly higher risk for HIV infection than other groups in many low- and middle-income countries, where fewer than 1 in 10 MSM worldwide have acce Show Less -
Vienna/Washington, July 21, 2010 — HIV prevalence in India and South Asia is growing among sex workers, injecting drug users, and other marginalized groups largely because of a widespread failure to prevent... Show More + stigma and discrimination toward people living with AIDS, or at high risk of contracting the virus, according to a new report launched today at the global AIDS summit in Vienna, Austria.The new report by the World Bank and the International Centre for Research on Women―Tackling HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination in South Asia―says that despite prevention and other efforts to reduce high-risk behaviors such as unprotected sex, buying and selling of sex, and injecting drug use, HIV vulnerability and risk remain high. Stigmatizing attitudes in the general population and discriminatory treatment by health providers and local officials, among others, intensify the marginalization of vulnerable groups at highest risk, driving them further from the reach of health services and desperate Show Less -