A growing number of governments in the developing world are trying to improve their performance so they can operate more efficiently and provide better services to citizens. To do so, they are creating national or sub-national monitoring and evaluation systems that help them measure and understand how well public programs do. Such systems form the backbone of evidence-based public policy.
Evidence-based policy is guided by solid analysis that shows what works and what does not – and why. It helps nations bring about meaningful reforms and policy improvements that, in turn, can increase government accountability and facilitate performance-based budgeting and management.
The World Bank offers advisory services to nations that want to implement evidence-based policies to respond better to rising or competing demands from society. We also bring practitioners together to share lessons and best practices on reforms, government initiatives and long-term policy objectives – all with the goal of bringing more accountability to government and better services to citizens.
The value of monitoring and evaluation programs comes when the evidence is used to improve government performance in tangible ways. The evidence may provide information about the performance of an entire government, a ministry or agency, or about managers and their staff, and it can always be used to implement positive change.