Access to energy is essential to reduce poverty. Globally, over 1.2 billion people still do not have access to electricity. About 2.8 billion use solid fuels — wood, charcoal, coal, and dung — for cooking and heating.
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The objective of this report is to
present practical measures that can be implemented to help
countries minimize the economic and social consequences when
confronte... Show More +d with power shortages. By reviewing the causes of
and responses to power shortages in Chile, China,
California, the Dominican Republic, Japan, and particularly
Brazil, this report analyzes ways in which governments,
utilities, consumers, and other stakeholders can deal with
the multifaceted aspects of power rationing. This report
highlights the case of Brazil as one of the best
international practices. Chapter 2 lays the groundwork for
dealing with rationing and distinguishes between three types
of power shortages as a basis for formulating effective
solutions. Chapters 3 and 4 examine case studies in which
power shortages have led to different rationing responses.
Chapter 5 details technological, financial, social, and
other factors distinguishing each rationing episode. Chapter
6 compares quotas based on price signals with rolling
blackouts. Chapter 7 presents a simple rationing scheme
based on energy quotas assigned to individual customers.
Finally, chapter 8 offers 12 lessons about implementing
power rationing and demand response in a sensible way. Show Less -