Result Briefs May 13, 2019

Promoting Rural Electrification in Peru

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Inauguration of the electric system in Tahuamanu district, La Novia town in Madre de Dios region.

Photo: Peru Ministry of Energy and Mines


Through distribution companies, Peru provided electricity to more than 36,500 low-income rural households, small businesses, and public facilities, including 11,915 solar home systems installed in isolated areas. In addition, the distribution companies, working with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), helped 4,376 small rural producers to adopt electrical equipment to help improve their incomes and productivity.

Challenge

Some rural areas of Peru lack infrastructure, contributing to a lower quality of life, poor medical care and education, and limited economic opportunities. In addition, lack of public lighting lessens nighttime security in these areas, and use of kerosene lamps contributes to respiratory illnesses that especially affect women and children.

Higher poverty rates in rural areas and the gap in quality of life between rural and urban areas, highlight the importance of investing in basic infrastructure. The government has made rural electrification a high priority, and it has sought out innovative approaches to achieving it. These approaches include using solar home systems (SHS) to serve remote populations and working with electricity distribution companies and NGOs to promote productive uses of electricity that increase electricity demand. These efforts are aimed at both improving the viability of rural electricity systems and strengthening the development impact of rural electrification. 

Approach

The Peru Second Rural Electrification Project (RE2) further developed the model used in the first Rural Electrification Project (RE1) executed by the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) between 2006 and 2013. The approach followed in both projects was to support electricity distribution companies in preparing, executing, and operating rural electrification subprojects as part of their commercial operations. The resulting subprojects delivered new connections in remote communities by extending grids or installing individual solar home systems. 

Encouraged by RE1’s pioneer effort in Latin America, Peru’s energy regulator (Organismo Supervisor de la Inversion en Energia y Mineria) introduced a tariff for regulated electricity service using solar home systems. The RE2 project installed 11,915 SHS and developed online tools to help the distribution companies to optimize regulated service while reducing the costs of using solar home systems. The project also provided training for the distribution companies’ staffs. 

RE2 continued to promote productive uses of electricity through distribution companies working with NGOs and by disseminating information about the RE2 experience throughout Peru and Latin America. 


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4,376

small rural producers, of which 1,569 (36%) were women, adopted electrical equipment to increase their productivity and incomes


Results

RE2 had three main features, initially developed for the RE1 project: (i) Electricity distribution companies made new connections and provided regulated service. (ii) Electricity connections were based on grid extension or off-grid solar home systems. (iii) Rural producers were encouraged to adopt electrical equipment. 

The project’s outcomes include:

  • More than 36,500 households and small enterprises and public facilities, representing about 142,900 people, benefited from the new electricity connections made during the life of project. The project also generated sufficient capacity to provide new connections to an additional 26,100 people after project closure.

  • These connections included 11,915 solar home systems for households in remote rural areas, representing about 47,670 people. The project developed a web platform and mobile applications for lower-cost servicing and monitoring of the solar home systems.

  • Seven state-owned distribution companies and one private concessionaire participated in and cofinanced rural electrification subprojects in 13 regions.

  • A total of 4,376 small rural producers, of which 1,569 (36 percent) were women, adopted electrical equipment to increase their productivity and incomes.

  • A two-day forum was held under the project to share Peru’s productive uses experience with 200 representatives from producers, electricity companies, ministries, local governments, NGOs, and other participants from Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Haiti, and the United States.

  • The project held 280 meetings at which 9,700 beneficiaries received training on the efficient and safe use of electricity. The safety campaign also distributed 12,300 training kits.   

  • Useful data for national and international evaluations of rural electrification were obtained through socioeconomic impact assessments of RE1’s rural electrification efforts and its promotion of productive uses for electricity components.   

  • The project prepared technoeconomic and social/environmental studies for 21 small hydropower projects in Peru’s major basins. 

Bank Group Contribution

The World Bank, through the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, approved a loan of US$ 50 million, US$ 43.83 million of which was used by the project closing date. The Bank contribution financed 86.5 percent of the costs of Component 1: Rural Electrification Subprojects; 38.9 percent of Component 2: TA for Rural Electrification; and 14.1 percent of Component 3: Project Management, all excluding the value-added tax (VAT). In total, the Bank financed 76.3 percent of the cost of the project, excluding the front-end fee and VAT, and 66.8 percent of the costs including these elements. 

Partners

The Bank loan was complemented by US$ 7.37 million from the government of Peru. MEM implemented the project together with seven state-owned distribution companies and one private concessionaire, which contributed US$ 6.38 million or 11 percent of the total cost (excluding VAT). Including VAT, the seven public distribution companies and one private concessionaire contributed US$ 14.42 million or 22 percent of the cost. Local NGOs were contracted by MEM to encourage small producers to adopt electrical equipment, working together with distribution companies, government programs at local, regional and national levels, and technical institutes. 

 

Beneficiaries 

ImageTwo examples highlight specific impacts on beneficiaries from RE2. Rosa Chacón, the nursing technician of Atumpampa, La Libertad, says she can now attend to patients either day or night. Without electricity, attending patients was possible only until 5 p.m. In addition, electricity now powers a refrigerator that permits use of vaccines. 

Justa Alférez (photo right), a beneficiary living in Toquela, Tacna, is one of 60 oregano producers. She recounts that she and her fellow producers used to process oregano by hand, dry it in the sun, and sell it for 3 soles per kilo. With the help of RE2, oregano producers adopted electrical equipment that increased the quality of their product, enabling them to sell it for 9 soles per kilo.  

Moving Forward 

The government has introduced legal measures to institutionalize the RE project model, permitting MEM to transfer resources to distribution companies for rural electrification subprojects. Tools for commercializing SHS developed under RE2 will be useful to the massive SHS program now underway as well as to the distribution companies. The General Directorate of Rural Electrification is using the value-chain approach to continue building capacity for productive uses of electricity, financed by its Rural Electrification Fund. Annual operating reports from the electricity companies now include an indicator on productive clients. Replication of the RE1/RE2 model is being considered in other countries and regions.