World Bank Research Digest


Volume 12, No. 3, Spring 2018

This issue of the Research Digest focuses on FCV Countries and Topics.

List of articles in this issue:

  1. Confronting the Development Challenges of Fragility, Conflict, and Violence.
  2. What Drives the Radicalization of Foreign Terrorist Recruits? A lack of economic opportunities in countries located closer to the Syrian Arab Republic is among the factors explaining Daesh recruiting successes
    Mohamed Abdel Jelil, Kartika Bhatia, Anne Brockmeyer, Quy-Toan Do, and Clément Joubert
  3. The Cost of Fear. Households in conflict settings suffer welfare losses from insecurity as well as from direct exposure to violence. What is the relative size of these costs?
    Marc Rockmore
  4. Leaving, Staying, or Coming Back? Migration Decisions during the Northern Mali ConflictAs displaced people integrate more and more in their host communities, the likelihood that they will return decreases with time.
    Johannes G. Hoogeveen, Mariacristina Rossi, 
    and Dario Sansone
  5. How Myanmar’s Reforms Are Playing Out in Rural VillagesChanges in village governance, in expectations of the state, and in connectivity are reshaping statecitizen relations in Myanmar
    Samuel Pursch, Andrea Woodhouse, Michael Woolcock, and Matthew Zurstrassen
  6. Obstacles on the Road to Economic Growth in the West Bank. How much does road connectivity affect growth? A new study uses data on road closures in the West Bank to address that question.
    Roy van der Weide, Bob Rijkers, Brian Blankespoor, and Alexei Abrahams
  7. Can Public Works Help Postconflict Communities Escape Poverty? Governments often rely on public works to provide short-term employment during periods of uncertainty. Can this policy work in postconflict settings?
    Nina Rosas and Shwetlena Sabarwal
  8. Can Mass Media Increase Women’s Political Participation after Civil War? Mass media can increase women’s political participation in conflict settings in the short run. But it will take more to reshape gender norms
    Eric Mvukiyehe
  9. Conflict and Poverty in Afghanistan’s TransitionAfghanistan has had strong growth despite armed conflict. But declining aid and the withdrawal of foreign troops put that at risk.
    Vincent A. Floreani, Gladys López-Acevedo, and Martín Rama.
  10. Who Benefited from Burundi’s Demobilization Program? Transfers to ex-combatants after the Burundi civil war led to welfare gains for beneficiaries and their villages—but only in the short run.
    Olivia D’Aoust, Olivier Sterck, and Philip Verwimp
  11. U.S. Food Aid and Civil Conflict Revisited: A Methodological CautionA recent paper calls into question a causal methodology used in many studies, including one that links U.S. food aid and conflict.
    Paul Christian and Christopher B. Barrett.
  12. Recent Policy Research Working Papers on FCV Countries and Topics



World Bank Research