World Bank Research Digest


Volume 11, No. 3, Spring 2017

This issue of the Research Digest focuses on Labor Markets.

List of articles in this issue:

  1. Are Active Labor Market Programs Effective in Developing Countries? Active labor market programs in developing countries have had much smaller impacts than policy makers and participants have expected
    David McKenzie
  2. Are Automation and Trade Polarizing Developing Country Labor Markets, Too? Labor markets show no evidence of polarization in developing countries on average, but there are emerging signs that this could change
    William F. Maloney and Carlos Molina
  3. How Does Innovation Affect Employment in Developing Countries? Innovation boosts employment by firms—though at a decreasing rate as they move toward the technological frontier
    Xavier Cirera and Leonard Sabetti
  4. How Is the Internet Reshaping Work? Evidence from Europe suggests that the internet has led to a rise in part-time work and telecommuting
    Emmanuel Vazquez and Hernan Winkler
  5. Big Data from Online Job PortalsOnline job portals generate big data useful in analyzing labor markets and the demand for job skills
    Shinsaku Nomura, Saori Imaizumi, Ana Carolina Areias, and Futoshi Yamauchi
  6. The Motherhood Penalty and Female Employment in Urban IndiaUrban women are unlikely to enter the labor market in India unless the state, employers, and families weave a web of support
    Maitreyi Bordia Das and Ieva Žumbyte
  7. How Some Female Entrepreneurs in Africa Enter Male-Dominated SectorsFemale entrepreneurs in Africa can earn more in male-dominated sectors. What explains why some cross over while others do not?
    Francisco Campos, Markus Goldstein, Laura McGorman, Ana Maria Boudet, and Obert Pimhidzai
  8. Can Wage Subsidies Boost Employment in the Wake of an Economic Crisis? Evidence from Mexico suggests that wage subsidies provided during the recent economic crisis helped employment recover faster
    Miriam Bruhn
  9. Understanding the Effects of the World’s Largest Workfare ProgramIndia’s rural workfare program has boosted agricultural productivity as well as increasing wages and employment levels
    Klaus Deininger, Hari K. Nagarajan, and Sudhir K. Singh
  10. How Do Cities in Ethiopia Create Jobs? A new study looks at how Ethiopian cities can create the right conditions for entrepreneurs, firms, and industries to become competitive
    Megha Mukim
  11. What Is Behind the Decline in Wage Inequality in Latin America? Latin America’s most experienced workers have seen their experience premium over younger workers fall by almost half since 2002
    Carlos Rodríguez-Castelán
  12. Global Talent Flows. Agglomeration factors drive the patterns in high-skilled migration—and reinforce the inequality in the global competition for skills
    Sari Kerr, William Kerr, Çaglar Özden, and Chris Parsons
  13. Recent Policy Research Working Papers on Labor Market Issues 


World Bank Research