The World Bank Group works with countries in Europe and Central Asia to help improve people's lives and achieve shared prosperity in a variety of ways, including through financial lending and analytical and advisory services. Our work aims to help countries achieve better competitiveness, more inclusive growth, and to adapt to climate change and improve energy efficiency.
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This note provides an overview of
demographic changes and their policy implications in
Georgia, with particular reference to the poor.
Georgia's population is expected... Show More + to decline between
2010 and 2050, and this trend will be accompanied by a
growing elderly cohort and a rising total dependency ratio.
The note emphasizes four interrelated policy topics. These
are labor force participation, labor force productivity, and
potential cost pressures arising from the pension system and
from the health sector. In each area, special attention is
given to the linkages between these issues, social spending
programs, and opportunities for targeting the poor. The note
does not present specific policy recommendations, but
instead outlines broad areas where future analytical work
might be undertaken to arrive at more precise policy
options. The note is structured as follows. The next section
summarizes the key demographic trends underway in Georgia.
Section three presents a profile of poverty and social
spending by age. Section four analyzes the four policy
issues listed in column two of table one. In each of these
sections, the poverty reduction angle is emphasized. The
final section provides a summary of the key messages, with
an emphasis on policy priorities going forward. Show Less -
This study, Youth in the Northern
Caucasus: from risk to empowerment, examines the
socioeconomic situation of young people in the North
Caucasus and the Russian Federation... Show More + as a whole. The North
Caucasus is the most disadvantaged region of Russia,
characterized by high poverty levels, a large youth
population, high youth employment, poor educational
preparation for the job market, and numerous security risks.
This report builds on the positive experience of youth
policy and programming in the country and recommends a
comprehensive approach to youth inclusion and empowerment,
including larger and better-targeted investments for youth.
The study emphasizes the need to build capacity for youth
programming at municipal and republic levels to effectively
address the needs of young people. To address the
interrelated educational, health and livelihood needs of
young people in the North Caucasus and the Russian
Federation as a whole, this report advocates a
multidimensional youth policy, implemented through greater
support to the school-to-work transition, non-formal
education and youth participation in decision-making processes. Show Less -