Published: March 2015
Carried out under the pre-2012 SIEF fund.
Research area: Education (Conditional Cash Transfers)
The Challenge: How best to provide universal primary education in Morocco.
The Project: The parents of 80,000 students or primary school-aged children were given cash subsidies in return for keeping their children in school. In the first group, the family received money without conditions for each primary school-aged child, whether the child was registered in school or not. In the other three groups, the family received cash if children in grades 3 to 6 attended school, and a higher transfer was provided for girls. The groups were lightly, intensively, or fully monitored. A fifth group got no cash transfers.
The Findings: The cash had a positive impact on enrollment and in reducing the dropout rate and the repetition rate.
The Impact: The Government of Morocco expanded the program geographically and included additional grades, so that the program now reaches 690,000 students in the 434 rural communities covered by the national poverty reduction program.