The link to Bangladesh will facilitate greater bilateral trade in the northeastern region of India. The link to the border with Myanmar will facilitate connectivity to Myanmar and the rest of East Asia and beyond. The impacts on trade and employment will be felt at two levels, intra-state and between Mizoram and neighboring states and countries, namely Bangladesh and Myanmar.
According to estimates, annual intra-regional trade in the region can more than double from $16 billion to $38 billion annually, if barriers to trading with neighbors were removed. According to another estimate, investments in transport infrastructure could reduce trade costs by more than 20% in India, and12.5% in Bangladesh. 
“The Project will enhance connectivity for Mizoram to Bangladesh and Myanmar and also facilitate trade,” said Nilaya Mitash, Joint Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.
The loan agreement for the Mizoram State Roads II – Regional Transport Connectivity Project was signed by Nilaya Mitash, Joint Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, on behalf of the Government of India; Ranbir Singh, Resident Commissioner, on behalf of the Government of Mizoram; and Onno Ruhl, World Bank Country Director in India, on behalf of the World Bank.
“Being strategically located between Myanmar and Bangladesh, a better connected Mizoram can open up huge trade potential for the entire northeastern region of India with South and East Asian countries. These countries will be able to export and import goods cheaper and faster. Consumers will also benefit from better pricing and choices,” said Onno Ruhl, World Bank Country Director in India.
The project will fund 91 km of roads that are design-ready. Roads that will be widened or strengthened include: a 22 km section of Lunglei – Tlabung – Kawrpuichhuah road on the border with Bangladesh; the 27.5km Champhai-Zokhawthar road on the border with Myanmar; and the 41.7km Chhumkhum-Chawngte North-South alignment connecting to the border roads with Bangladesh to the west and Myanmar to the south.
The current project, signed today, will also fund detailed studies and designs for another road (330 km), mostly in the North-South corridor in Mizoram with potential of connectivity to Myanmar on another axis.
The project will support Mizoram’s Road Sector Modernization Plan (RSMP) to strengthen its institutions, enhance accountability; introduce new technologies to promote cost effective road construction; and strengthen road safety management systems. This will help transform the state’s Public Works Department into a modern road agency.
Recognizing that road safety is a critical issue in the country today, the project will strengthen road safety management systems and initiate pilot projects to demonstrate good practices in road safety engineering measures that effectively address road safety hazards.
“Improving transport connectivity can play a vital role in enhancing growth in Mizoram, a remote, hilly, and mountainous region where road transport is the only mode of transport within the state. Better connectivity can help reduce freight and passenger transport costs, and provide quicker and safer access to all parts of the state and to neighboring states and countries,” said Diep Nguyen-van Houtte, Senior Transport Specialist and the World Bank’s Task Team Leader for the project.
The Project will be financed by a credit from the International Development Association (IDA) – the World Bank’s concessionary lending arm.
Dec 2013: Intra-regional trade can more than double if constraints are removed (US$ 16 billion to US$ 38 billion annually) Zhai 2010: Investments in transport infrastructure to increase Pan-Asian connectivity could reduce trade costs by more than 20% in India, and12.5% in Bangladesh.