In the long term, decision-makers can also better plan significant infrastructure investment projects, something particularly salient in Central Asia, where aging infrastructure is gradually deteriorating from insufficient maintenance and repeated exposure to natural hazards.
Better climate information will also benefit sectors such as agriculture, which is frequently exposed to extreme weather events.
For farmers, accurate predictions of the growing season, rainfall patterns, and potential hail or storm can help boost productivity and increase incomes. This is especially the case for countries like Tajikistan, where more than 60 percent of the population is solely dependent on agriculture as a source of livelihood.
Both Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic have made tremendous strides in reducing poverty - from 75 to 80 percent a few decades ago to below 35 to 40 percent today. Yet the challenges of a changing climate threaten to push mountain communities back into poverty, without critical investments in resilience.
As the world celebrates International Mountain Day, it is important to reflect on how to better care for these important landscapes and to protect communities such as Barsem, which call them home.