Afghanistan Poverty Assessment: NRVA 2007-08

May 31, 2012


Report (English) I Report (Dari) I Launch Presentation Full Presentation (Powerpoint) I Press Release (English) I Press Release (Dari) I Methodology Report I Methodology Presentation

This report assesses the level of poverty and its distribution across geographic and socioeconomic domains. It shows that poverty rates are relatively lower in the south, an area characterized by high levels of conflict. It also indicates that there have been significant improvements in education, immunization and access to services. It further underscores the strong gender dimension of the exclusion and vulnerability patterns observed in Afghanistan. This is the first report presenting nationally representative estimates of wellbeing, thus providing key knowledge to understand the poverty situation in Afghanistan.

Report (English) I Report (Dari) I Launch Presentation I Press Release (English) I Press Release (Dari) I Press Release (Pashto) I Technical Paper (Food Prices) I Technical Paper (Food Prices and Poverty)

This report investigates food insecurity in Afghanistan with a focus on mapping provincial differences and an emphasis on understanding the impact of rising food prices on food insecurity. The report documents large variations in food security outcomes across geographic and economic groups in Afghanistan, reflecting the diversity of economic and social conditions. The findings suggest that poor households trade-off food quality for quantity as a way to cope with food price shocks. Given the extent of food insecurity in Afghanistan, the report highlights the genuine need for a national scaled-up and well-targeted safety nets program.

Report (English) I Report (Dari) Press Release (English) Press Release (Dari) I Press Release (Pashto)

These briefs provide a summary of selected social and economic measures of individual and household wellbeing for each province of Afghanistan. The comparative perspective of the briefs is meant to help policy makers prioritize and better target interventions. The province-level statistics in these briefs complement the aggregate description of well being presented in the Poverty Status report. A key theme that emerges is that provinces that perform well on one dimension are not necessarily equally well off on other dimensions.

Report (English) I Policy Brief (English) I Policy Brief (Dari) I Launch Presentation I Press Release (English) I Press Release (Dari) I Press Release (Pashto)

This report presents the characteristics, livelihood strategies and vulnerabilities of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) living in urban centers of Afghanistan. It documents the extreme vulnerability of IDPs, even in comparison to the profile of urban poverty captured in the Poverty Status report. The report reveals a need for the Afghan Government and the International community to go beyond a purely humanitarian approach and to look for sustainable solutions for IDPs in informal settlements.

Sample Design (2007/08) I Questionnaires (2007/08) (zip) I Data Quality Note I Questionnaires (2005) (zip)

The National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) survey is the primary data source for poverty analysis, and more generally, household wellbeing in Afghanistan. The NRVA is a nationally representative survey of more than 20,000 households collecting data on a wide range of individual and household characteristics such as food and non-food consumption, demography, health, education, income sources, and many other topics. All of the Afghanistan Poverty Assessment reports use the 2007/08 round of the NRVA, while the data visualization tool allows for comparison over time of indicators that are common to both the 2007/08 NRVA and its predecessor, the 2005 NRVA. For more information and data access policy see the Central Statistics Organization of Afghanistan (CSO) website.