Thailand is one of the great development success stories. Due to smart economic policies it has become an upper middle income economy and is making progress towards meeting the Millennium Development Goals.
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Water is everyones business. Beside a
necessity for living, water has implications on public
health and, most importantly, can cause social conflicts.
This is because... Show More + water is limited, is difficult to control,
and can easily be polluted. The Integrated Water Resource
Management (IWRM) process is considered worldwide as a means
to reduce social conflicts from competing water needs as
well as to facilitate effective and sustainable development
of water resources. Effective implementation of IWRM however
will require appropriate policy, regulation, and
institutional frameworks which could facilitate
cross-sectoral dialogue and cooperation among water users. A
good example of IWRM is in the Lower Mekong River Basin.
IWRM has been adopted by the Mekong River Commission (MRC)
as a means to management water resources through the 1995
agreement, where as MRC countries are fully committed to
manage water resources. In Thailand, IWRM has been
technically recognized as a means to achieve sustainable
water resources management and the concept has been
incorporated in the national policy for more than 15 years,
however clear institutional responsibility and introduction
of the IWRM concept to local communities are relatively new.
To address the challenges on water resource management in
Thailand, particularly at the local level, stronger
leadership and commitment of the key government agencies and
effective cooperation of the water users will be important. Show Less -