Poland successfully managed its integration into the European Union since joining in 2004, and during the 2008-09 global financial crises it was the only member to experience growth. Poland is a high-income country with a large and diversified domestic economy.
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While smaller cities such as Bydgoszcz and Olsztyn – a city that ranked second on the list – tend to do better overall across the four indicators, several large cities rank at or near the top of indiv... Show More +idual indicators. Poznan – a city of more than half a million people – ranked first for starting a business. Wroclaw – the fourth largest city in the country – ranked fourth in terms of construction permits. Similarly, despite having one of the highest number of incoming cases per judge in Poland, trial time is less than a year—one week faster than the 18-city average—at the regional court of Krakow, where judges follow best national practices and use active case management to handle the flow of incoming cases.“Having a report that looks at the doing business landscape across Poland is extremely useful,” notes Mamta Murthi, World Bank Group Regional Director for Central Europe and the Baltic Countries.“While we see that in general it seem to be easier to do business in a smaller city, we also see examples of large cities doing some things extremely well – proving that high demand for business services can actually be dealt with in an efficient and effective manner.”Regulatory hurdles differ from town to town and a Polish entrepreneur will likely face a very different set of challenges in Warsaw than in Wroclaw. This is due to varying efficiency levels at the public agencies in charge of the four areas benchmarked and discrepancies in the interpretation of national legislation.Unlike the global Doing Business reports, which compare Warsaw with the rest of the world, this sub-national report offers detailed analysis across different cities from all around the country – covering all 16 Voivodeship. This coverage can help facilitate the exchange of best practices across cities, enabling, for example, Zielona Gora – a town of less than 150,000 people – to learn from similar sized cities, as well as from the capital and other larger places on the list. These exchanges can help cities improve in different areas of doing business - while simultaneously helping the country as a whole rise in the ranks of Doing Business. An ongoing reform agenda in the country has helped Poland rapidly ascend the ease of doing business list in recent years – going from 72 in 2010 to 32 in 2015.The sub-national level analysis provided in this report can further this agenda by enabling additional improvements to business regulation across the country. According to the report, if a Polish city were to adopt all the best practices found across all 18 cities it would rank 24th out of 189 economies – placing it ahead of regional leaders such as France and the Netherlands.By expanding the focus to include information at the sub-national level, the Doing Business in Poland 2015 report is facilitating improvement at both the regional and national levels – offering new information and improved tools for policymakers as they strive to make Poland a more business-friendly country for local entrepreneurs. Show Less -
WARSAW, June 25, 2015 — A new report by the World Bank Group compares business regulations affecting domestic firms in Poland and finds that good regulatory practices exist across many of the cit... Show More +ies measured. The report highlights that sharing of local good practices among the cities can help improve the overall business climate.Of 18 Polish cities examined in the Doing Business in Poland 2015 report, released today, the northern city of Bydgoszcz topped the aggregate ranking. The report analyzes business regulations on four Doing Business topics: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, registering property, and enforcing contracts.Polish entrepreneurs face different regulatory hurdles depending on where they establish their business. This is due to varying efficiency levels at the public agencies in charge of the four areas benchmarked and discrepancies in the interpretation of national legislation. According to the report, it is easier to start a business in Poznań, obtain construction permits in Bydgoszcz, transfer property in Białystok, and resolve a commercial dispute in Olsztyn.While smaller cities tend to do better overall across the four indicators, several large cities rank at or near the top of individual indicators by capitalizing on economies of scale or using resources at their disposal to invest in administrative modernization. Administrations in Łódź and Wrocław can issue a building permit in just over one month—similar to the delay in smaller cities with significantly lower volume of applications—proving that high demand for business services can be dealt with efficiently. Similarly, despite having one of the highest number of incoming cases per judge in Poland, trial time is less than a year—one week faster than the 18-city average—at the regional court of Krakow, where judges follow best national practices and use active case management to handle the flow of incoming cases.Although no city does equally well in all four areas, there are good practices to be found across many of the cities measured in Poland. Reform-minded local officials can make tangible improvements by replicating measures already successfully implemented in other cities in Poland. If a Polish city were to adopt all the best practices found across the 18 cities, it would rank 24th out of 189 economies in the global Doing Business ranking—8 positions higher than Poland’s current ranking, as represented by Warsaw, according to Doing Business 2015— placing the country ahead of France and the Netherlands.Despite a number of good practices documented in the report, challenges remain. Firms across Poland still face inefficient and complex procedures, especially in the area of dealing with construction permits. The numerous amendments to the Building Law, not disseminated consistently across enforcement agencies and private practitioners, resulted in confusion and uneven implementation across the cities.”Poland has a track record of looking to the European Union and using international benchmarks—such as Doing Business or other similar indicators, to improve its regulatory framework,” said Mamta Murthi, World Bank Group Regional Director for Central Europe and the Baltic Countries. “Now it is time to look inward: we hope that this study will empower local policy-makers with the right data to inform their strategies, share lessons across cities and regions, and help improve the local business regulatory environment across the country,” Murthi added. Doing Business in Poland 2015 is the first World Bank Group sub-national report studying the ease of doing business in the country. The study was requested and substantially funded by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Development of the Republic of Poland and Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego (BGK) and produced in partnership with the Polish Confederation Lewiatan. A similar sub-national study was conducted in Italy in 2012, benchmarking 20 cities and there is an ongoing project in Spain to be released later this year.For more information or to access the report, please visit: www.doingbusiness.org/Poland and http://www.worldbank.org/eca/doingbusiness-poland.Join us on Facebook at www.facebook.com/DoingBusiness.org.---About the World Bank GroupThe World Bank Group plays a key role in the global effort to end extreme poverty and boost shared prosperity. It consists of five institutions: the World Bank, including the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA); the International Finance Corporation (IFC); the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA); and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Working together in more than 100 countries, these institutions provide financing, advice, and other solutions that enable countries to address the most urgent challenges of development. For more information, please visit www.worldbank.org, www.miga.org, and www.ifc.org. Show Less -