Reconstruction after Typhoon Haiyan
November 14, 2013
- The World Bank Group is providing almost $1 billion to support Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) reconstruction, in response to a government request
- A technical team from the Bank is in the Philippines to help the government assess damages and needs for a long-term reconstruction plan
- IFC is in discussions with international banks, rural banks, and microfinance institutions to develop specific programs to help the private sector recover from the devastation
“We have been encouraged by the resilience of the Filipino people and the determination shown by President Aquino and his team as they work to recover from a disaster of unprecedented scale. The World Bank Group is committed to supporting the government’s efforts to rebuild people’s lives no matter how long it takes.”
—World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim
Last update: December 6, 2013
World Bank Group assistance
- In addition to a US$500 million budget support loan to help finance overall recovery and reconstruction efforts, the Bank will support early reconstruction efforts with a US$480 million loan for a national community driven development project, which will help typhoon affected areas build infrastructure and social services including water, schools, health facilities and local roads and bridges.
- A technical team from the Bank, with expertise in remote sensing, housing, engineering, community driven reconstruction and other critical areas, is in the Philippines to help the government formulate a Yolanda Recovery and Reconstruction Plan.
- The Bank will bring lessons learned from work in reconstruction after disasters hit Aceh, Haiti, and other areas that might be helpful in the Philippines.
- The Bank Group is working closely and coordinating with the international development community in the Philippines, and with lead government agencies and departments—including the Department of Finance, Office of Civil Defense, Department of Social Welfare and Development, Department of Science and Technology, and the National Economic and Development Authority.
The World Bank Group’s role after a disaster
- In the immediate aftermath of a disaster, first responders and relief agencies work with the government to manage the humanitarian crisis--helping with food, shelter, medicine and the basics.
- The World Bank Group provides financial and technical assistance with medium- and long-term reconstruction. Through satellite images and experts on the ground, the Bank's disaster team conducts an assessment to help rebuild.
- People start trying to rebuild their lives the day the disaster strikes. This is why it’s critical to have policies in place to guide post-disaster reconstruction so that communities can rebuild to become better, safer, and more resilient.
One of the most important lessons that the World Bank Group has learned in Aceh which was hit by the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004 and Java by an earthquake in 2006 is that, given proper support, communities can and should take the lead in their own recovery.
The World Bank’s work in disaster reconstruction includes:
- Aceh, Indonesia after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami
- China after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake
- Haiti after the 2010 earthquake
World Bank reports related to disaster risk-management include:
- Strong, Safe, and Resilient: A Strategic Policy Guide for Disaster Risk Management in East Asia and the Pacific
- Building Urban Resilience: Principles, Tools, and Practice
- Cities and Flooding: A Guide to Integrated Urban Flood Risk Management for the 21st Century
- Safe homes, stronger communities: a handbook for reconstruction after natural disasters
- The social impacts of tropical storm Ondoy and typhoon Pepeng - The recovery of communities in Metro Manila and Luzon
- Philippines - Typhoons Ondoy and Pepeng : post-disaster needs assessment (Vol. 1-Executive Summary)
- Philippines - Typhoons Ondoy and Pepeng : post-disaster needs assessment (Vol. 2-Main Report)
- Philippines - Typhoons Ondoy and Pepeng : post-disaster needs assessment (Vol. 3-Sector Report)
- Getting a Grip on Climate Change in the Philippines