After four decades of little or not growth, the Jamaican economy is expected to grow at 1-2% over the medium term. The country is confronted by serious social issues that predominantly affect youth, such as high levels of crime and violence and high unemployment.
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ResultsThe following results were achieved under the Jamaica Second HIV/AIDS Project.Prevention91% of female sex workers reporting condom use with their most recent client (target: maintain more than 90%).59.2%... Show More + of female sex workers who received HIV testing in the last 12 months and who know the results (target: 50%).40,445 female sex workers and 22,145 men who have sex with men reached through prevention activities (target: FSW 14,955; MSM 14,059).19% of prison inmates reached through prevention activities (target: 15%)Treatment, Care, and Support10,469 men, women and children with advanced HIV receiving antiretroviral combination therapy according to national guidelines (target: 9,000)85.8% of HIV positive pregnant women receiving a complete course of antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission (target: maintain more than or equal to 80%)1.4% of infants born to HIV infected mothers who are also HIV infected (target: less than 5.0%)More than 95% Show Less -
Potentially preventable risk factors including poor diet, high blood pressure, and alcohol use help fuel changing disease burden in Latin America and Caribbean regionWASHINGTON, September 4, 2013... Show More + - With the exception of young men, most people in Latin America and the Caribbean are living much longer today than 40 years ago. The mortality rate has dropped by at least 80 percent for children 4 years old or younger and by more than 50 percent for women between the ages of 20 and 44. For men between the ages of 15 and 19, however, the mortality rate has increased by 1 percent, largely due to deaths from road injuries and rising violence.These are some of the findings released by the World Bank Group and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in a new report, The Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy. Latin America and Caribbean Regional Edition. The report also highlights the fact that the Latin America and Caribbean region (LAC) face Show Less -
Other ResultsThe World Bank, in partnership with various organizations, led three separate studies in a three-part series on key populations at higher risk (sex workers, people who inject drugs, and men... Show More + who have sex with men ) in low- and middle-income countries:Partnership with UNAIDS, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the World Health Organization (WHO): A study by the Bank and these partners, entitled “The Global HIV Epidemics Among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM): Epidemiology, Prevention, Access to Care, and Human Rights,” evaluates global costs of inaction in addressing HIV within this population, critically reviews epidemiological evidence of HIV transmission, rigorously reviews the evidence of efficacy and intervention costs, and models the costs and impact of addressing the needs of this population in various epidemic contexts. The report has found that addressing this aspect significantly affects a country’s HIV epidemic—even in generalized epidemic scenari Show Less -
“Ending AIDS and Poverty”Your Excellencies and honored guests, ladies and gentlemen, colleagues and friends,As we look back on the history of this epidemic, it is hard to say that there is any one... Show More + moment when the tide began to turn. Because the truth is that we have been turning back the tide of AIDS, step by painful step, for 30 years.And at nearly every turn, it is the activists, and their communities, that have led the way.It was activists and communities who devised safer sex, promoted condom use, needle exchange and virtually all the behavioral prevention we use today.It was activists who transformed drug development and regulatory processes, and involved patients in clinical research, cutting drug approval times in half in the global north.It was activists in Durban in 2000 who began to push for access to antiretrovirals in the developing world and who kept pushing and are pushing still for them to be affordable and available to everyone who needs them, everywhere.And it wa Show Less -