With a population of more than 1.2 billion, India is the world’s largest democracy. Over the past decade, the country’s integration into the global economy has been accompanied by economic growth. India has now emerged as a global player.
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Bank Group ContributionThe World Bank Group is the world’s largest external source of finance for water-related interventions. The total IBRD and IDA financing approved for water supply and sanitation... Show More + in the past five years (FY2009-13) was over US$16.9 billion. Both water supply and sanitation (including wastewater, sewerage, basic sanitation and fecal sludge management, lending and non-lending activities) commitments increased over the years. Notably, focus on basic sanitation appears to be becoming more prominent within WSS projects as indicated by increase in the average share of commitments since FY2009 – the sanitation active portfolio reaching a cumulative amount of US$1.8 billion in FY2013. Water supply and sanitation services are of the utmost importance for IDA countries, as improved access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene is highly relevant to achieve all the MDGs, from health and education to food security and environmental sustainability. Be Show Less -
Seventy eight year old Basavannevva Shelavadi peers happily through her foggy glasses at the new blue tap in front of the makeshift room in which she lives along with her young grandson. Although she first... Show More + moved to the city 48 years ago, this is the first time that this frail woman has seen clean water gush out unceasingly at the turn of a tap outside her front door, and she cannot conceal her delight. “The water makes me so happy,” she beams.Until five years ago, this scavenger slum on the outskirts of Dharwad town in northern Karnataka had only one tap for its teeming residents. And water flowed through it just once every eight to ten days.Basavannevva, married when she was eight years old, would wake at four in the morning and walk for nearly two kilometers to reach the tap; there she would line up for hours to draw a small pot of water. Many a time the water ran out by the time her turn came, and fights were common. Even on days when she managed to fill her pot, the water was mostl Show Less -
Geeta Bhogan remembers the time not so long ago when all 15 members of her husband’s extended family took turns to fetch water from the borewell a long distance from their home in Bekkinakeri village,... Show More + in Karnataka’s Belgaum district. They would ride a bullock cart in groups of 4, making a number of trips a day to fetch the 50 pots of water they needed to survive, and to care for the family’s 5 cows and buffaloes. While these 2 km trips were difficult at the best of times, they were even more arduous in the searing summer heat of northern Karnataka. “The unfailing grind made the men late for work in the mornings and took a toll on everyone’s health,” Geeta recalls. “We fell sick more often due to this never-ending strain.”Today, Bhogan’s family no longer needs to make this onerous journey. Thanks to the Karnataka Government’s Jal Nirmal Project, supported by the World Bank, the family now has a water connection within their home. 23 year old Geeta, near full term in her second pregnancy Show Less -
On an early afternoon in a quiet village in Uttar Pradesh – India’s most populous state, and also one of its poorest – World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim experienced the challenges an emerging India... Show More + faces in meeting the soaring aspirations of its people and reducing poverty.The magnitude is formidable – if Uttar Pradesh were a country, it would be the fifth-largest in the world. And his visit was memorable: crowds greeted him at every stop, including one neighborhood in which women rained flowers on his head.Over several hours, Kim visited the village of Tilsari Khurd to see a child care center and village health center; traveled to a neighborhood in Kanpur, where he walked around an urban settlement; and then went to the banks of the Ganges (Ganga) River, where he saw a drainage system that pours human waste into the sacred waterway.In Tilsari Khurd (population 3,791) past a patchwork of ripening winter wheat, Kim sat down with a group of preschool children at an early childhood Show Less -
The global revolution in low-cost information and communication technologies can help address some of the developing world’s oldest challenges in water and sanitation. This is one of the conclusions... Show More + stemming from the first Water Hackathon in October 2011. The lessons from this event were released in a new report this week.With the number of mobile subscriptions exceeding 5 billion, more people today have access to a mobile phone than to a toilet. Convergence of widespread mobile phone ownership with new mobile services offers new platforms for reach, transparency, and participation in achieving water security.The Water Hackathon was a first-of-its-kind gathering of software developers in 10 cities around the world who competed to build software solutions to water sector challenges defined by governments, utilities, civil society groups, World Bank experts, and directly by citizens.The Hackathon, which took place simultaneously in Bangalore, Lagos, Lima, London, Nairobi, and Show Less -