With a population of more than 1.2 billion, India is the world’s largest democracy. Over the past decade, the country’s integration into the global economy has been accompanied by economic growth. India has now emerged as a global player.
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Bank Group ContributionThe World Bank Group is the world’s largest external source of finance for water-related interventions. The total IBRD and IDA financing approved for water supply and sanitation... Show More + in the past five years (FY2009-13) was over US$16.9 billion. Both water supply and sanitation (including wastewater, sewerage, basic sanitation and fecal sludge management, lending and non-lending activities) commitments increased over the years. Notably, focus on basic sanitation appears to be becoming more prominent within WSS projects as indicated by increase in the average share of commitments since FY2009 – the sanitation active portfolio reaching a cumulative amount of US$1.8 billion in FY2013. Water supply and sanitation services are of the utmost importance for IDA countries, as improved access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene is highly relevant to achieve all the MDGs, from health and education to food security and environmental sustainability. Be Show Less -
Livelihoods improveLivelihoods have benefitted too. In Belgaum, 35 year old Noor Ahmed, a bubble-bottle seller, needs 15-20 pots of water a day to scrub his bottles and concoct the bubble solution. Before... Show More + regular water supply came to his neighborhood, Ahmed would have to borrow two-three pots of water a day from homes in a wealthier row of houses nearby. But now that the family’s tap meets all his water needs, Ahmed has the time to fill more bottles and boost his sales. Towards the futureResidents of areas that have yet to receive 24/7 water supply are eager for the same benefits. In Hubli, 55 year old Sharful Nisa, who struggles to meet the needs of her 13 member family, looks forward to the day when uninterrupted water supply reaches her home as well.So too does 31 year old Srinivas D. Khamkar, a street-cart vendor selling fast food in Belgaum. Khamkar needs at least three barrels of water a day to manage his home and his cart–to keep it clean, wash utensils, and cook. “I use ju Show Less -
A superstar villageBelgaum district’s Olmani village, one of the area’s most barren villages where wells dried up in the scorching summer heat, is now considered a ‘superstar’ and an ideal place to marry... Show More + daughters into.Yashoda Narayan Bailurkar, 62, had a toilet installed in her home last year at a cost of Rs 7,000. She takes great pride in maintaining a spotless toilet and follows her grandchildren whenever they use it to clean up after them. “I used to be scared to go to the fields at night especially since the nearby forest is full of wild animals like elephants, fox and wild boar,” she said. “The toilet and our easy access to water have made a big difference to our lives. Today we only need to fill 2 barrels of water unlike the 10 barrels we needed to fill earlier. And, since the water is clean, we save on doctor’s bills, and can use the money to pay the monthly water tax instead.”“The project has made important strides in improving rural sanitation,” said the World Bank’s Sa Show Less -
Urban poverty – the new challengeNext, Kim visited Gwaltoli, a low-income neighborhood in the once-proud industrial city of Kanpur, long a magnet for poor rural migrants. With some 10 million people moving... Show More + into urban areas each year in search of jobs and opportunity, India is in the throes of a historic rural-urban migration, second in magnitude only to China’s.Gwaltoli epitomizes the challenges of unplanned urban settlements in India, where administrations are facing huge strains in providing jobs, housing, and infrastructure – power, water, sewerage, garbage disposal, roads, and transportation. With large extended families sharing tiny one-room homes and common toilets and taps, life in Gwaltoli spills into the streets. Women scrub clothes, winnow wheat, or sit in groups stringing garlands of marigolds to earn a paltry sum.Rural ways fill urban spaces. Cows lie in the middle of the road, goats bleat, and cow-dung cakes dry in the sun, to be used to cook the evening meal when mo Show Less -
According to the Water Hackathon report, hackathons produce more meaningful results if they are designed as a process, rather than as a one-off event.“Seeing the Hackathon as a process places equal... Show More + emphasis on the collection of water challenges from those best equipped to define them, the execution of a fun and open Hackathon hosted by tech community partners best equipped to organize them, and follow-up activities that offer opportunities for further collaboration,” said Julia Bucknall, Sector Manager at the World Bank Water Anchor.Other sectors considering Hackathons stand to benefit from the lessons from the Water Hackathon in the new report.For example, the iterative process of defining pressing problems was critical to a successful event, and also drew innovation from within the water community. This strengthened that community’s engagement and its ties to one another and to the Hackathon community. This was also a point made by Mike Mathieu, founder and investor in many civi Show Less -