With a population of more than 1.2 billion, India is the world’s largest democracy. Over the past decade, the country’s integration into the global economy has been accompanied by economic growth. India has now emerged as a global player.
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India: The India Elementary Education Project (Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan or SSA) (IDA $1.25 billion over two projects, Specific Investment Loans) is an example of a project that reaches out to groups that... Show More + have been excluded, aiming to boost the enrollment of children from poor families, marginalized and tribal groups and those with special needs. It has helped the government enroll more than 17 million out-of-school children in elementary school, including girls, first-generation learners from long-deprived communities and minority communities, and children with special needs. The number of out-of-school children declined from 25 million to 8.1 million (less than 5 percent of the age cohort 6-14). Approximately 2.9 million children with special needs have been identified and are being covered with a variety of interventions, like residential centers, home-based education. With these efforts, India is moving toward its target of ensuring that all children will be able to complete a fu Show Less -
ResultsAs of March 2013, the project had mobilized 850,000 poor women into 67,000 self-help groups (SHGs) and 4,500 village organizations. Of these, more than 90 percent belong to vulnerable groups such... Show More + as scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and backward castes.Since 2007, the self-help groups of the poor have so far cumulatively saved over $8.2 million, and accessed $31.8 million in credit from commercial banks. A strong partnership has been built with four commercial banks and three regional rural banks.Since 2007, these community organizations are managed by nearly 30,000 trained grassroots women leaders and 8,000 para-professionals, resource persons and functionaries trained in the areas of institutional capacity building, bookkeeping, providing linkage with commercial banks and livelihood support services.A survey of 4,000 randomly selected households showed that there was a 58 percent increase in the number of households that had started regular savings. Food security had increase Show Less -
In Sisum’s childhood home in a rural village of Bhutan, the men eat dinner first and the women must wait until they finish. But at her uncle’s house in the city, where she lived while in school, the family... Show More + eats together. “Such practices are not allowed there,” she says. “They are all educated, and they feel it is not right.”She remembers the day she asked her parents about the village’s tradition. Her mother told her the practice had been followed by their ancestors. When she later asked her father, she said, he became angry and lashed out at her mother, telling her that before the marriage she was nothing, and without him she would have no food or shelter. He said it was up to the men whether she ate at all, Sisum recalls. She feared her mother would have been beaten if her brother had not stepped in.The young woman’s experience reflects findings on the state of gender relations in a new study that convened focus groups involving more than 4,000 men and women from a range of ages, eco Show Less -