With a population of more than 1.2 billion, India is the world’s largest democracy. Over the past decade, the country’s integration into the global economy has been accompanied by economic growth. India has now emerged as a global player.
Read More »
As the rain fell gently one end-August afternoon, Philippe Le Houerou crossed no man’s Land to enter India through the Wagah Border Post with Pakistan. Newly appointed vice president (VP)... Show More + for the South Asia Region (SAR), Le Houerou chose the unconventional way to travel between India and Pakistan for his first visit to the region. As he stepped into India, accompanied by outgoing VP Isabel Guerrero, Le Houerou he was greeted by military salutes, welcoming government officials and a gathered clutch of cameramen. Driving away from Wagah, Le Houereu witnessed a rare border sight in one of the least connected regions of the world – a line of trucks waited to cross into Pakistan bearing loads of onions and cotton, part of the very limited border trade between the two neighbors."I was surprised to learn that intra-regional trade in South Asia is as low as 5% of total trade and that the costs of trading across borders is one of the highest in the world," Show Less -
WASHINGTON, DC, March 18, 2010 - The World Bank today approved two education projects worth US$1.05 billion to India, designed to boost the number of children enrolling in and completing elementary school,... Show More + and to improve quality of engineering education across the country.India has made significant progress in meeting its education goals, especially at the primary level. Through its 86th constitutional amendment in 2002, India mandated elementary education as a fundamental right of every child. The same year, the government also launched the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), a nationwide program aiming to provide quality elementary education to all children. The Bank has supported the SSA with two IDA credits totaling US1.1 billion since 2003. “SSA - now largest ongoing Education for All (EFA) program in the world - has been remarkably successful, particularly in achieving greater access to elementary education,” said Roberto Zagha, World Bank Country Director for India. “Between Show Less -
March 18, 2010 - India’s Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Education for All) program was created with ambitious objectives - to increase enrollments, reduce out-of-school children, narrow gender and social gaps,... Show More + and improve the quality of elementary education for all children.Since 2001, India's Education for All program (SSA) has enrolled some 20 million previously out-of-school children, especially girls and children from socially disadvantaged families. Special residential schools have encouraged girls’ education in areas where female literacy is low. The state of Tamil Nadu has dramatically improved learning through new methods such as Activity Based Learning.Enabling Girls' Education“I used to tend to the cattle, fetch water and firewood, and look after my 5 younger siblings,” recalls 12 year old Madhubala Bishnoi in Jodhpur district of Rajasthan, India's desert state. Married at eleven, Madhubala would typically have remained with her impoverished farmer-parents till she reached an age whe Show Less -
OVERVIEWMarch 10, 2010 - The state of Bihar in India is home to some of the country's poorest people. But a new reform effort by the Bihar government, backed by World Bank funding and technical support,... Show More + has helped it improve public finance management and direct the proceeds to getting more children into schools, to immunizing its people, and to fighting corruption. Reducing poverty and accelerating growth in the state are likely to have national implications, particularly in helping India reach the Millennium Development Goals.HIGH POVERTY LEVELS, POOR INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICESBihar is one of India’s largest and poorest states. Until 2007, economic growth in Bihar was much slower than the rest of the country. The state’s public services and infrastructure were among the worst in India. Nearly half of all workers were agricultural laborers, about double the national average. Only a third of the women were literate, infant mortality was high, and over half the children were underweight Show Less -