With a population of more than 1.2 billion, India is the world’s largest democracy. Over the past decade, the country’s integration into the global economy has been accompanied by economic growth. India has now emerged as a global player.
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Bank Group ContributionThe World Bank and Bank-managed trust funds are increasingly supporting initiatives to rebuild the ocean’s natural capital. Many of the Bank’s investments in the oceans over the... Show More + last five years promote the sustainable governance of marine fisheries, the establishment of coastal and marine protected areas, and integrated coastal resource management. The World Bank’s active ‘blue growth’ portfolio comprises activities worth US$6.4 billion. This amount includes fisheries management, habitat conservation including integrated coastal zone management, pollution reduction and water resource management.Partners The Bank has been working with dozens of partners to increase investment in healthy oceans. In support of this, the Bank has participated in many numbers of ocean events for both technical and political purposes, raising both the profile and reach of our work, while also contributing to broader ocean community engagement. In addition to bilateral partnerships Show Less -
Subsidies often keep poor hungry, boost fiscal deficits and encourage corruption WASHINGTON, July 25, 2013 - Global food prices declined for three consecutive quarters, then rose in May and June, remaining... Show More + close to historical peaks. Some countries with high poverty and weak safety nets are now responding to this chronic volatility by scaling up consumer food subsidies but these are often counter-productive, the World Bank Group’s quarterly Food Price Watch reported today.“Poorly designed food subsidy programs that lack transparency and accountability in implementation do not benefit poor people. These programs can be very costly and prone to corruption, and waste scarce fiscal resources,” said Jaime Saavedra, World Bank Group’s Acting Vice President for Poverty Reduction and Economic Management. “Reforming such programs is a policy priority, leading the way to smart subsidies that target the most needed and complement existing safety nets.” Saavedra added.According to the latest Show Less -
Urban agriculture contributes to local economic development, poverty alleviation, the social inclusion of the urban poor and women, as well as to the greening of the city and the productive reuse of urban... Show More + wastes. While there is a growing awareness about the role of urban agriculture in the context of food security and poverty alleviation for urban populations, urban agriculture largely remains an informal sector that is not well integrated into agricultural policies or urban planning. Gaps in the availability of good quality, current and comparable data on the benefits and constraints of urban agriculture limit the design of relevant policies and interventions that would enhance the positive impacts for urban livelihoods and public health, as well as for the environment.The report Urban Agriculture: Findings from Four City Case Studies showcases four cities where urban agriculture is present. Through data collected in surveys, focus group discussions, and city consultations, this study Show Less -
BeneficiariesAchiron Bibi joined the Graduation Program in West Bengal. She wanted to build a fish pond, start a vegetable garden, and expand her bangle business. This would allow her to send all five... Show More + children to school and help treat her husband's stomach tumor. Two years later, she had a vegetable garden through the program, built the fish pond with government support, and doubled the initial stock through savings to expand the bangle shop. Her children are in school, and her husband sought help from a government clinic. Achiron sums it up: “Now, I can stand on my own two feet.”In the NewsThe Economist, May 12, 2012, "Hope springs a trap"The Huffington Post, July 18, 2012, "The Power of Hope: Graduation Programs for the Extreme Poor Do More Than Directly Reduce Poverty"Geo-ReferenceHaiti: Rural Boukan Kare, Twoudino and LagonavIndia: West Bengal and Andhra PradeshPakistan: Coastal SindhHonduras: LempiraPeru: CuscoEthiopia: TigrayYemen: Aden, Lahj, and TaizGhana: T Show Less -
WASHINGTON, November 29, 2012 – The world cannot afford for high and volatile food prices to be the “new normal,” while millions of people continue to suffer from hunger and to die from malnutrition, the... Show More + World Bank Group warned today.“A new norm of high prices seems to be consolidating,” said Otaviano Canuto, World Bank Group’s Vice President for Poverty Reduction and Economic Management. “The world cannot afford to be complacent to this trend while 870 million people still live in hunger and millions of children die every year from preventable diseases caused by malnutrition.”According to the latest edition of the World Bank Group’s Food Price Watch report, published quarterly, global food prices stabilized following last July’s record peak. In October, prices were 5 percent below that peak. Prices were driven down by fats and oils, with more modest declines in grains. Seasonal increase in supplies, the absence of panic policies, such as food export restrictions, and better expec Show Less -
OVERVIEWMarch 22, 2010 - “We no longer worry about the rains. We now have the confidence to grow alternative crops even if the monsoon fails,” said Balaraju, a farmer in one of the most drought-prone and... Show More + economically vulnerable regions of Andhra Pradesh in southern India.Last year, when large parts of the state were facing the severest drought in 30 years, Balaraju’s lands were unaffected. This is because the villagers now share groundwater, a practice introduced by the World Bank’s pilot project - The Andhra Pradesh Drought Adaptation Initiative (APDAI). Before the project, only the richer farmers had access to groundwater because only they could afford to dig deep wells. The rest, including Balaraju, had to depend on the unreliable monsoon rains to irrigate their crops.GROUNDWATER SHARINGBut, convincing the richer farmers to share the water from their wells was not easy. However they agreed to do so because many of them too had fields that were far from their wells. If a pipeline was Show Less -