With a population of more than 1.2 billion, India is the world’s largest democracy. Over the past decade, the country’s integration into the global economy has been accompanied by economic growth. India has now emerged as a global player.
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BeneficiariesKunti Devi, mother of four in Shekhwara village in Gaya district, barely had an acre of farmland. Faced with frequent droughts, she had to mortgage her land to the local moneylender, forcing... Show More + the family to work as laborers on others’ lands. The project helped free her from the vicious cycle of debt. “I took a loan of Rs 10,000 from the self-help group to free my land. Today I’m able to repay it at a very low rate of interest compared to what I was forced to pay to the moneylender. Thanks to better farming methods introduced under the project, the productivity from my land has gone up four times. My income has increased and I am able to send my son to college,” said a beaming Kunti Devi.Manna Devi, mother of three, used to find it difficult to feed her family. “We were living a hand-to-mouth existence before and we just couldn’t manage to eat, let alone put our children through school. We were only producing about 30 kg of wheat which lasted us four months and we had to take Show Less -
In a village in Tanzania, for example, women are now making clay pots and growing vegetables to sell at market. The work is generating income, but within the community, it is viewed as an extension of... Show More + women’s domestic duties and not as a breadwinner role.Almost everywhere, the focus groups described men remaining the primary income earners and decision makers, and the allocation of free time, responsibilities, and power being unequally distributed. Nearly one-third of the groups said domestic violence was common and reinforced gender norms.“Norms are changing, but the change is slow and incremental, and its pace does not always keep up with economic opportunities and development. As a result, women, as well as men, get excluded from opportunities perceived as gender-inappropriate,” said Carrie Turk, a World Bank gender specialist and co-author of the report. "Development programs can help alleviate these constraints, since change needs to happen on all levels to take effect: on in Show Less -
TAMIL NADU HEALTH INDICATORS IMPROVEApril 29, 2010 - To further improve health services quality and access while supporting state-wide management systems implementation, the World Bank has provided... Show More + $117.70 million to the State of Tamil Nadu today. This comes as additional financing to the $110.83 million Tamil Nadu Health Systems Project, approved December 16, 2004 that has demonstrated effective results in reducing infant and maternal mortality.TAMIL NADU HEALTH SYSTEMS PROJECT CONTEXTTamil Nadu has made significant development progress over the last 15 years. It is one of India's most industrialized states with economic growth rates well above the national average. The state has made impressive gains in life expectancy, gender equality, reducing female mortality rates, and access to safe drinking water.“The additional funding will support the continuation of successful activities, and will particularly focus on improving the quality of health care provision. The project will al Show Less -
OVERVIEWMarch 10, 2010 - The state of Bihar in India is home to some of the country's poorest people. But a new reform effort by the Bihar government, backed by World Bank funding and technical support,... Show More + has helped it improve public finance management and direct the proceeds to getting more children into schools, to immunizing its people, and to fighting corruption. Reducing poverty and accelerating growth in the state are likely to have national implications, particularly in helping India reach the Millennium Development Goals.HIGH POVERTY LEVELS, POOR INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICESBihar is one of India’s largest and poorest states. Until 2007, economic growth in Bihar was much slower than the rest of the country. The state’s public services and infrastructure were among the worst in India. Nearly half of all workers were agricultural laborers, about double the national average. Only a third of the women were literate, infant mortality was high, and over half the children were underweight Show Less -