The impact of a magnitude 7.0 earthquake on January 12, 2010 affected Haiti's capital and nearby towns and killed up to 230,000 people. Damages and losses were evaluated at around US$8 billion or 120 percent of GDP.
Read More »
WASHINGTON, May 26, 2015 - The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors today approved the following project:Haiti - Sustainable Rural and Small Towns Water and Sanitation ProjectIDA Grant: US $50.0 ... Show More +million equivalentProject ID: P148970Project Description: The project aims to save lives by preventing cholera and waterborne diseases in high prevalence zones, and strengthen the capacity of local agencies to deliver water and sanitation services in rural areas and small towns. It will reinforce and complement the activities carried out by other local and international partners in the country, and will have an impact across the Island of Hispaniola and on the border with the Dominican Republic, including bi-national markets.For more information, please visit here:http://www.worldbank.org/projects/P148970?lang=en Show Less -
Jean Michel lives near the town of Les Cayes, in the South of Haiti. He and his family used to bathe in the local river. “You clean yourself in the water that everyone uses. Anything can happen,” he s... Show More +ays. A World Bank funded program gave him access to clean water in his own home and he has seen considerable improvement in his life, starting with the fact that “his skin doesn’t itch anymore.”Building on this program, the World Bank Group recently launched a new project that will benefit around 300,000 Haitians in cholera affected areas – half of whom will gain access to improved water sources through household connections and water kiosks. 50,000 will have improved sanitation and the remaining 100,000 will benefit from small repairs and expansions of already existing water systems.These 5 facts below show how urgent it is to improve the water and sanitation sector in Haiti.Less than half of Haitians in rural areas have access to water.People in the Haitian countryside are generally served through piped water systems with standpipes or water points with hand pumps, however a substantial portion of these systems is not operational, because of a lack of funds for operation and maintenance. To tackle this issue, a program funded by the World Bank in the South region of the country has installed professional operators to maintain water supply systems which have benefited 60,000 people.This pilot is now being scaled up: a new 50 million dollars water program has just been approved and aims to prevent cholera and other waterborne diseases in high prevalence zones and improve access to water and sanitation by strengthening the capacity of local agencies, especially in rural areas and small towns.24 percent of all Haitians have access to a toiletSustainable collection and treatment of sewage are practically non-existent throughout the country and only 24 percent of Haitians have access to a toilet. The government has focused on awareness and promotion campaigns to encourage households to build their own latrines, and on making sure there are sanitation facilities in public schools, health institutions and other public spaces. Furthermore, the Haitian government's launched a US$ 2.2 billion 10-year plan in February 2013 to eliminate cholera, which broadly outlines investments needed in water and sanitation as well as prevention, surveillance, and case management.Diseases like cholera spread through contaminated waterLow access to clean water and improved sanitation make it easier for certain diseases to spread. After the 2010 earthquake, a cholera epidemic broke out and has cost more than 8,700 lives until now. The average number of cases has decreased since 2010, but has spiked during the first months of 2015 partly due to heavy rains. However, because of more efficient health responses, the mortality rate has decreased to less than one percent.Improving sanitation is also about behaviorWhile access to a toilet or to clean drinking water is crucial, promoting certain behaviors is as important. Knowing how important clean water is, purifying water and washing hands and food correctly are all essential to disease prevention. After the first cholera outbreak in Haiti, a World Bank emergency response reached over 3 million people by providing treatments, training doctors but also by socializing simple and lifesaving hygiene and health messages through prevention campaigns.The water and sanitation sector still depends heavily on external financial assistanceInternational organizations fund 61 percent of the National Direction for Water and Sanitation’s operating costs. To ensure sustainability, it is important to increase revenues from water consumers so as to continue funding them in the future. To contribute to a solution and strengthen institutional capacity, the World Bank Group will support the sector in defining a long-term and sustainable financing plan. Show Less -
WASHINGTON, May 27, 2015 – About 300,000 people from Haiti’s cholera-affected rural areas and small towns will benefit from increased access to clean water and sanitation as a result of a US$ 50 milli... Show More +on grant from the International Development Association (IDA) approved today by the Board of Directors of the World Bank. The Sustainable Rural and Small Towns Water and Sanitation project aims to save lives by preventing cholera and waterborne diseases in high prevalence zones, and strengthen the capacity of local agencies to deliver water and sanitation services in rural areas and small towns.Haiti has made progress in controlling the cholera epidemic since the 2010 outbreak, with reported case numbers decreasing from a monthly average of more than 30,000 in 2011 to about 2,200 cases per month in 2014. However, due to heavy rains, cases rose sharply in the first quarter of 2015, to a monthly average of 3,400 cases. While deaths from cholera and waterborne diseases declined last year and remain below one percent of cases, cholera resurgence remains a threat and water borne diseases are one of the leading causes of infant mortality in the country.“We hear a lot in Haiti that ‘Water is life.’ With this project we have an opportunity to make this a reality for hundreds of thousands of Haitians,” said Benito Dumay, Director General of the National Water and Sanitation Directorate - DINEPA. “This project supports the Government’s 10-year Cholera Elimination Plan and aims to prevent thousands more Haitian children from dying from waterborne diseases”.Today’s grant is part of an encompassing World Bank initiative which builds on the immediate emergency response after the outbreak in 2010 which benefited more than three million people through prevention education campaigns, training of community health workers and medical personnel, and direct treatment. It also complements cholera prevention and treatment efforts for US$ 20 million under an ongoing health project focused on epidemiological surveillance and treatment. The Bank is committed to mobilize donors and other partners to join forces in substantially improving water and sanitation coverage in Haiti, and strengthening health services.“Despite much progress in Haiti’s fight on cholera, too many people are still getting sick, mainly because they don’t have access to clean water and sanitation systems. This is even more vital in rural areas where less than one in two Haitians have access to safe drinking water and only 16 percent have access to improved sanitation, said Mary Barton-Dock, World Bank Special Envoy. “By improving water and sanitation coverage in these targeted areas, we are not only saving lives, but also helping reduce poverty and improve livelihood opportunities of these communities”.The new project will target priority communes with high cholera incidence rates in the dry season. It will reinforce and complement the activities carried out by other local and international partners in the country, and will have an impact across the Island of Hispaniola and on the border with the Dominican Republic, including bi-national markets.Among the concrete results to be achieved are:150,000 people will gain access to improved water sources through household connections and water kiosks;50,000 people will benefit from improved sanitation through community-led sanitation campaigns, hygiene promotion, and construction of latrines in schools, health centers, markets and other public spaces;100,000 people will benefit from small repairs and expansions;A roadmap for universal access to water and sanitation by 2030 will be developed.A regional surveillance system for pandemics will be designed with support from the Government of the Dominican Republic.This six-year project will be implemented by the National Water and Sanitation Directorate (DINEPA) under the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Communications (MTPTC). The World Bank is working closely with development partners including the Inter-American Development Bank, the Government of Spain, the Pan-American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO), the United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF) and the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).World Bank Group response to choleraThe World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA) has been financing cholera response activities since the outbreak in the end of 2010. It disbursed US$ 15 million as part of a cholera emergency response project, which closed in March 2014. More than three million people benefited from prevention education campaigns, training, and direct treatment through the project. Specifically, more than 5,400 community health workers and medical personnel were trained.In addition to today’s US$ 50 million grant, the World Bank has made US$ 20 million available to the Ministry of Health for cholera prevention and treatment under a new health project (total US$ 90 million) for epidemiological surveillance, treatment, including rapid response mobile teams, hygiene and health promotion, and water and sanitation activities. The International Finance Corporation (IFC) has also supported DLO Haiti, which is developing a network of water kiosks where water is purified and distributed to nearby communities at an affordable price. In collaboration with the Government of Haiti, the UN and development partners, the World Bank also hosted an international round table to discuss best practices and lessons learned on combatting cholera, and a high profile conference in Washington D.C. to bring attention to the financing gap.Learn more about the work of the World Bank in Latin America and the Caribbean: www.worldbank.org/lacVisit us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/worldbankBe updated via Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/BancoMundialLACFor our YouTube channel: http://www.youtube.com/worldbank Show Less -
MÉRIDA, MEXICO, May 27, 2015—The Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) will work with the World Bank’s Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) to deliver targeted technical assistance that will h... Show More +elp developing and middle-income countries integrate large shares of wind and solar energy into their electricity grids.The price of wind and solar inputs has dropped substantially in recent years, and these energy sources are becoming cost-competitive with coal and gas for electricity generation in some markets. Over 144 countries have set renewable energy targets, and more than 100 have already enacted policies or measures to promote the use of renewables. Since 2011, over half of net capacity additions in the global power sector have come from new renewable energy deployment.However, the prospect of meeting a sizeable share of electricity demand through wind and solar also requires expansion and modernization of electricity grids, as well as significant changes to policies and operational practices. There is tremendous demand for technical assistance to help countries make the transition to a “renewable-friendly” grid.CEM and the World Bank will work together to meet this demand by leveraging CEM’s wide-ranging technical expertise to support a new ESMAP initiative. The ESMAP Variable Renewable Energy Integration Program helps countries develop capacity for long-term grid planning, market design, renewable energy pricing, development of rules of access to electricity grids, and strengthening of the electricity dispatch and transport infrastructure. Countries participating in this initiative will now have access to technical experts, knowledge and resources through CEM’s 21st Century Power Partnership (21CPP) and Clean Energy Solutions Center. The services provided will help countries address immediate issues and increase their capacity for longer-term policy and investment planning. “Technical assistance is critical for developing the policies, targeted investments and infrastructure that make the transition to renewable-friendly grids possible,” said Anita Marangoly George, Senior Director of the World Bank’s Energy and Extractives Global Practice. “The World Bank and the Clean Energy Ministerial can bring together technical expertise, country engagement and financing to help facilitate this transition.”Together, the ESMAP and CEM initiatives will work to deliver the most advanced knowledge—from technical integration of VRE and smart grids to harmonized policy and regulatory frameworks—that will draw from the experiences of vanguard countries already managing high percentages of wind and solar penetration. The Clean Energy Solutions Center will provide just-in-time technical assistance to policy makers participating in the ESMAP initiative through its “Ask-An-Expert” service.Opportunities will also be identified to hold clean energy workshops and webinars to provide cooperative training for policy makers in participating countries. Additionally, ESMAP donors and the United States will support ESMAP by sending technical experts to play key roles in the Variable Renewable Energy Integration initiative. ”Accelerating clean energy deployment while maintaining reliability and affordability is an area of significant research and innovation in the United States and other countries around the world,” said Jonathan Elkind, Principal Assistant Secretary for International Affairs at the U.S. Department of Energy. “We are excited that through this partnership we can directly apply this knowledge to help other countries more effectively scale up their share of renewables."This collaboration will expand the work of 21CPP on grid integration already underway through multi-year technical assistance programs in India, Mexico, and South Africa. The ESMAP initiative, although still in its early stages, is already evaluating proposals for support in Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Honduras, Haiti, Morocco, Ukraine, India, Philippines, Seychelles, South Africa and Vietnam. The 21st Century Power Partnership is an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial focused on power sector transformation and grid integration of renewable energy, energy efficiency, and smart grid technologies. For more information and to view reports and publications, visit http://www.21stcenturypower.org/ or contact firstname.lastname@example.org.The Clean Energy Solutions Center, an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial, provides no-cost policy assistance, training, and tools to help governments, advisors, and analysts create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. The Solutions Center is co-led and co-funded by the U.S. Department of Energy through support from the U.S. Department of State and the Australian Department of Industry and Science. For more information, visit www.cleanenergysolutions.org.The Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), a multi-donor technical assistance trust fund program administered by the World Bank, helps countries increase their knowledge and institutional capacity to achieve environmentally sustainable energy solutions for poverty reduction and economic growth. For more information, please visit www.esmap.org. Show Less -