Cambodia is increasingly integrating with the region and has enjoyed a decade of macroeconomic stability and growth. However, its progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goals is uneven.
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This report only deals with the water
sector and only mentions sanitation aspects in passing.
However, it is recognized that the scale of the sanitation
challenge is... Show More + similarly daunting to or even larger than the
water challenge, and that progress in sanitation will be as
crucial as expanded access to safe water in making a lasting
impact on poverty incidence, in particular vulnerability to
waterborne diseases. There are two main constraints to
broad-based growth in the sector. First is the absence of a
comprehensive strategy to channel financing into the sector
and to address weak incentives to raise more own-generated
funds from user revenues. Second is the capacity of the
providers to absorb public funding and utilize resources
efficiently towards expanded access to sustainable services.
Both of these constraints will have to be addressed in the
context of the country's overall policy of promoting
sustainable use of water resources and considering concerns
of the poor and marginalized in the pursuit of development.
In the short term, the implementation strategy calls for the
consolidation of individual investment projects in form of a
comprehensive medium-term capital investment program (MTEF),
which will serve as a planning tool for investments by the
service providers, irrespective of funding source. Over the
next years, the broader process of decentralization will
have an impact on public and private providers, notably on
investment planning decisions and corporate governance of utilities. Show Less -