Victor Orozco is an Economist with the Development Impact Evaluation (DIME) unit of the World Bank’s Development Research Group. His research focuses on mechanisms to promote behavior change and includes several impact evaluations in the areas of HIV/AIDS, maternal and child health, gender-based violence, and environment. He recently launched the DIME research program on Mass Media and Entertainment-Education, the intentional use of entertainment programming to promote norm-shifting and behavior change for development impact. Before joining DIME, Victor worked at the World Bank's Independent Evaluation Group focusing on thematic and process evaluations. He holds a Master’s in Public Policy and Economics from Princeton University and is currently pursuing a PhD in Social Intervention at Oxford University.
We provide experimental evidence on the effects of vocational and
entrepreneurial training for Malawian youth, in an environment where access to
schooling and formal sector employment is extremely low. We track a large
fraction of program drop-outs – a common phenomenon in the training evaluation
literature – and this allows us to examine the determinants and consequences of
drop-out and how it mediates the effects of such programs.
This paper explores cognitive and behavioural constraints identified in the behavioural economics literature and how interventions have successfully accounted for these constraints in their design to increase demand for services and positive habit formation.