Michael J. Ferrantino is a Lead Economist in the World Bank's Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice. Prior to joining the Bank, he was Lead International Economist at the U.S. International Trade Commission. Michael's published research spans a wide array of topics relating to international trade, including non-tariff measures and trade facilitation, global value chains, the relationship of trade to the environment, innovation, and productivity, and U.S.-China trade. He has taught at Southern Methodist, Youngstown State, Georgetown, American, and George Washington Universities. Michael's recent work includes: "The Benefits of Trade Facilitation: A Modelling Exercise," prepared for the World Economic Forum's January 2013 report on supply chains, "Enabling Trade: Valuing Growth Opportunities;" a chapter on non-tariff measures in The Ashgate Research Companion to International Trade Policy (2012); and "Evasion Behaviors of Exporters and Importers; Evidence from the U.S.-China Trade Data Discrepancy," with Xuepeng Liu and Zhi Wang, Journal of International Economics, 2012. Michael holds a Ph.D. from Yale University.