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Population Growth Rate
 
Complete these exercises with information from Photo 2.

Photo 2 Exercises with Answers

1. Look at the photograph. Describe what you see. [Girls are working in a classroom.]

2. Would this be a common scene in your country? Why or why not? [Answers will vary.]

3. In which country was this photograph taken? [Mali]

4. Find the country in the world and regional map gallery. What region is it in? [Sub-Saharan Africa]

5. Find the country in the Basic Data Table and determine if it is a low-, middle-, or high-income economy. [It is a low-income economy.]

6. According to the Basic Data Table, what is this country's projected population growth rate for 1998-2015? [2.7%] Its 1998 life expectancy at birth? [50 years] Its 1998 GNP per capita? [$250] The percentage of its 1990-1996 population with access to safe water? [37%]

7. What do you think life is like for the average person in this country? Support your answer. [Answers will vary, but should take into account the possible effects of the population growth rate, the GNP per capita, and the percentage of the population with access to safe water on the quality of life.]

8. What, if any, aspects of the activity shown in the photograph might help improve living standards in industrial countries? In developing countries? [Since studies show that girls who are educated tend to have smaller, healthier families, girls' education can improve living standards in both industrial and developing countries. In addition, by having an educated labor pool, countries will be better able to support more of the higher paying, high-tech industries.]

9. Which sector of development (i.e., social, economic or environmental) is best represented by the photograph? [social] Explain your answer. [Answers will vary.] Is it possible for this photograph to represent other sectors as well? In what way? [Answers will vary.]

10. In what ways might the activity in the photograph encourage sustainable development? In what ways might it discourage sustainable development? Explain your answer. [Possible answer: When women have a basic education, they tend to delay marriage and take more time to find suitable husbands; know about and practice family planning; have more job opportunities; and lose fewer babies to childhood diseases and malnutrition, and as a result choose to give birth to fewer children. All of these outcomes tend to improve the social, physical, and economic health (and therefore sustainability) of a country. In addition, the resulting slowing of the population growth rate can lessen the stress placed on natural resources and the environment.]

Explore Photo 2:

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