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Population Growth Rate
 
Complete these exercises with information from Photo 1.

Photo 1 Exercises with Answers

1. Look at the photograph. Describe what you see. [An elderly woman is reading to two children.]

2. Would this be a common scene in your country? Why or why not? [Answers will vary.]

3. In which country was this photograph taken? [United States]

4. Find the country in the world and regional map gallery. What region is it in? [North and Central America and the Caribbean]

5. Find the country in the Basic Data Table and determine if it is a low-, middle-, or high-income economy. [It is a high-income economy.]

6. According to the Basic Data Table, what is this country's projected population growth rate for 1998-2015? [0.8%] Its 1998 life expectancy at birth? [77 years] Its 1998 GNP per capita? [$29,240]

7. What do you think life is like for the average person in this country? Support your answer. [Answers will vary, but should take into account the possible effects of the population growth rate, the GNP per capita, and average life expectancy at birth on the quality of life.]

8. What, if any, aspects of the activity shown in the photograph might help improve living standards in industrial countries? In developing countries? [Possible answer: In both industrial and developing countries, older generations can help families with child care and education. In doing so, they can help to preserve the family's culture and values and can also help the family save money in child care expenses.]

9. Which sector of development (i.e., social, economic or environmental) is best represented by the photograph? [Social] Explain your answer. Is it possible for this photograph to represent other sectors as well? In what way? [Answers will vary.]

10. In what ways might the activity in the photograph encourage sustainable development? In what ways might it discourage sustainable development? Explain your answer. [Possible answer: Acknowledging and accepting the contributions that older people can make to family life allows people to still be productive when they are no longer able to work in the formal economic sector. They encourage sustainable development by providing stability to their families while making it possible for other family members to earn a living.]

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