Explore the Data Exercises with Answers
1. Read the definition of growth
rates. Use the Social Data Tables to find
the countries that have negative average annual population growth rates
projected for the years 19982015.
- How many countries have negative projected population growth rates?
 In which region(s) are these countries located?
[Europe and Asia]
- How will a negative population growth rate affect the actual numbers
of people in these countries? [The total populations of these countries
will decrease between 1998 and 2015.]
- What might be some benefits to a decrease in population? [Possible
answers: The demand for social services, economic goods, and natural
resources might lessen so that each person could have more. There
might be less pollution.]
- What are some potential problems if a countrys population
is decreasing or growing too slowly to replace the number of people
who die? [As growth slows, the average age of the population rises
and eventually the proportion of elderly, nonworking people will increase.
This can put great pressure on a countrys pension, health care,
and social security systems.]
2. Make a copy of the blank Comparative
Data Table and label the first column Countries and the second
column Population growth rate, 198098. Then using
the text and the Data Tables,
fill in the chart according to the following instructions.
- In the column at the left of the table, write the following countries
and their regions: Brazil (South America), Ghana (Sub-Saharan Africa),
Philippines (Asia, South and East, and the Pacific), Egypt (Middle
East and North Africa), Canada (North and Central American and the
Caribbean), Russian Federation (Europe and Central Asia).
- Read the definition of population
- Use the Social Data Tables to find the average
annual population growth rate for each country during 198098.
Rank the countries with "1" equaling the lowest population
growth rate and "6" the highest.
- Write the appropriate ranking number in column 3. Make a general
statement comparing the population growth rates in these six countries.
- Find each of the six countries in the world and regional map
gallery. Compare the color of each country with those of its neighbors.
To what extent is each country typical of conditions in its area and
region? Make a general statement comparing the population growth rates
in the six regions.
3. Make a copy of the blank Comparative
Data Table and label the first column Countries, the second
column Population growth rate, 198098, the third
column Life expectancy at birth, 1998, the fourth column
GNP per capita, 1998 and the fifth Access to safe water,
199096. Then using the text and
the Basic Data Tables, fill in the chart according
to the following instructions.
- Choose a low-income country in Sub-Saharan Africa and one in Asia
(South and East) and the Pacific and write their names in the first
- Choose a middle-income country in each of the following regions
and add them to the first column: South America, Europe and Central
Asia, and Middle East and North Africa.
- Choose a high-income country in North and Central America and the
Caribbean, one in Europe and Central Asia, and one in Asia (South
and East) and the Pacific and add them to the first column.
- Label each country in your data table with an L, M, or H to show
which income group it belongs to: low, middle, or high.
- Read the definitions of population
growth rate, life expectancy
at birth, GNP per capita,
and access to safe water.
Go to the Basic Data Tables, and for each
of your countries find the 198098 population growth rate, 1998
life expectancy at birth, 1998 GNP per capita, and 199096 percentage
of population with access to safe water, and write this information
in the appropriate columns. If data for one of the indicators are
not available, select another country from the same income group and
- Rank the countries, with "1" equaling the lowest population
growth rate and "8" the highest. Write the appropriate ranking
number in parentheses after the data in column 2.
- Study your chart and answer the following questions:
- In the countries with population growth rates of more than 3 percent,
are the other indicators high or low? [Answers will vary.]
- In the countries with population growth rates of 2 to 3 percent,
are the other indicators higher or lower than in the countries with
population growth rates of more than 3 percent? [Answers will
- In the countries with population growth rates of less than 1 percent,
are the other indicators higher or lower than in the other countries?
[Answers will vary.]
- Does population growth rate follow the same trend as the other
development indicators in your chart? Explain. [Answers will