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Life Expectancy
Complete these exercises with information from Chart 3.

Charts 3 Exercises

Chart 3. Child Mortality Rate for Boys and Girls in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, 1988-98 (per 1,000)

1. Study Chart 3 and answer the following questions:

  1. In which region do boys and girls have the greatest chance of living beyond their fifth birthday?
  2. In which region do they have the greatest chance of dying before their fifth birthday?
  3. Go to the Map Gallery and compare these two regions on the Life Expectancy, Population Growth Rate, GNP per Capita, and Access to Safe Water maps. In what ways are they similar or different?
  4. What do these comparisons suggest about the links between child mortality and these other indicators?
  5. Based on your reading of the text and your own knowledge, what might be other reasons for the differences in child mortality in these two regions?

2. Look at the table below and then answer the questions.

Countries and
GNP per Capita
(high, middle, low)
Life expectancy
at birth (1998)
Child mortality rate per 1000 live births (1988-1998) Adult mortality rate per 1000 live births
Males Females Males Females
Côte d'Ivoire (L) 46 71 58 526 513
Jordan (M) 71 4 7 158 119
Mexico (M) 72 15 17 165 84
Pakistan (L) 62 22 37 172 152
Philippines (M) 69 21 19 197 149
Romania (M) 69 7 5 256 122
Trinidad and Tobago (M) 73 4 3 161 101

  1. In which country(s) do female children (age 1 to 5) survive at a higher rate than males?
  2. In which country(s) do adult (defined as age 15 to 60) females survive at a higher rate than adult males?
  3. What does the text suggest may be a reason for why female children do not survive at a higher rate in some countries?

* Data unavailable for Middle East and North Africa region.

Explore Chart 3:

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