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Access to Safe Water
Complete these exercises with information from the Data Tables.
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1.

Use the Text and the Data Table to fill in the blank table bollow according to the following instructions.

  a. Choose a low-income country in Sub-Saharan Africa and one in Asia (South and East) and the Pacific, and write their names in the first column.
  b. Choose a middle-income country in Europe and Central Asia, one in Middle East and North Africa, and one in South America, and add them to the first column.
  c. Choose a high-income country in North and Central America and the Caribbean, one in Europe and Central Asia, and one in Asia (South and East) and the Pacific, and add them to the first column.
  d. Label each country in your data table with an L, M, or H to show which income group it belongs to: low, middle, or high.
  e. Read the definitions of access to safe water, population growth rate, and GNP per capita. Go to the Data Table, and for each of your countries, find the percentage of population with access to safe water (1990–96), average annual population growth rate (1980–98), and GNP per capita (1998), and write this information in the appropriate columns of your data table. If data for one of the indicators are not available, select another country from the same income group and region.
  f. Rank the countries, with "1" equaling the highest access to safe water and "8" the lowest. Write the appropriate ranking number in parentheses after the data in column 4.
Country Income group Region Access to safe water, 1990-96 GNP per capita, 1998 Population growth rate, 1980-98 Life expectancy at birth, 1998
Sub-Saharan Africa
Asia (South and East) and the Pacific
Europe and Central Asia
Middle East and North Africa
South America
North and Central America and the Caribbean
Europe and Central Asia
Asia (South and East) and the Pacific
  g. Study your chart and answer the following questions:
    In the countries with less than 50 percent access to safe water, are the other indicators high or low? In the countries with 50 to 69 percent access to safe water, are the other indicators higher or lower than in the below 50 percent access countries? In the countries with 70 or more percent access to safe water, are the other indicators higher or lower than in the other countries?
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  h. Does access to safe water follow the same trends as the other development indicators in your chart?
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2.

Compare access to safe water and access to sanitation in six countries from six different regions of the world. Fill in the blank data table below by following these steps:

  a. In the column at the left of the table, write the following countries: Brazil (South America); Ghana (Sub-Saharan Africa); Philippines (Asia, South and East, and the Pacific); Egypt (Middle East and North Africa); Canada (North and Central America and the Caribbean); Uzbekistan (Europe and Central Asia).
  b. Use the Data Table to find the percentage of the population with access to safe water for each country and fill in column 2 in your table.
  c. Use the Data Table to find the percentage of the population with access to sanitation for each country and fill in column 3 in your table.
Region Country Access to safe water,
1990-96
Access to sanitation,
1990-96
South America
Sub-Saharan Africa
Asia, South and East, and the Pacific
Middle East and North Africa
North and Central America and the Caribbean
Europe and Central Asia
  d. Compare the access to safe water and access to sanitation data for each country. Within each country, which indicator is higher, access to safe water or to sanitation? Are there any countries that have a large difference between the two? What are some possible reasons for this?
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3.

Fill in the blank table bolow using the following instructions.

  a. In the first column, write the same country names that you used in your table for the question #2.
  b. In the second column, give their data for the Access to safe water, 1990-96.
  c. Use the Environmental Data Tables to find the Access to sanitation, 1990-96 for each of your countries and fill in column 3 in your table.
  d. Label each country in your data table with an L, M, or H to show which income group it belongs to: low, middle, or high.
Country Access to safe water,
1990-96
Access to sanitation,
1990-96
Income group
  e. Within each country, which indicator is higher, access to safe water or to sanitation? Compare your results with those in question 2d. Do your countries follow similar trends? If not, what could be some possible reasons for the differences?
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  f. Judging from your data, which indicator tends to be more linked to country income group, access to safe water, or access to sanitation?
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  g. Make a general statement about access to safe water and sanitation and development.
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