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GNP per Capita
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Chart 1. GNP per Capita, 1998
1.

Study Chart 1 which shows GNP, population, and GNP per capita for low- and middle-income and high-income countries. What does it show you about the differences in the production of goods and services between high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries?

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2.

Compare GNP per capita in low- and middle-income and high-income countries.

  a. Refer to the Basic Data Table and choose four countries--your own, one low-income, one middle-income, and one high-income.
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  b. Refer to column 3 in the Basic Data Table and find the GNP per capita in 1998 for each country you selected.
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  c. How many times larger is GNP per capita in the high-income country than in the low-income and middle-income countries? (Divide GNP per capita in the high-income country by GNP per capita in each of the developing countries.)
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  d. How many times larger or smaller is the GNP per capita in your country than that in the middle-income country?
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3.

If a country slows down its population growth rate, is its GNP per capita likely to increase or decrease?

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4.

Based on the Text and your own knowledge, list three possible social and three possible economic reasons for the difference in productivity between high-income and low- and middle-income countries.

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