the worlds 6 billion people, more than 1.2 billion
live on less than $1 a day. Two billion more people are
only marginally better off.
60 percent of the people living on less than $1 a day
live in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.
high-income countries, farmersmen and womenmake
up less than 6 percent of the workforce, while in low-
and middle-income countries combined, they represent nearly
60 percent of all workers.
countries account for almost $1 out of every $4 that industrial
countries earn from their exports.
national product (GNP) per capita is the dollar value of
a countrys final output of goods
and services in a year, divided by its population. It
reflects the average income of a countrys citizens.
Countries with a GNP
per capita in 1998 of $9,361 or more are described as
between $761 and $9,360 as middle
income, and $760 or less as low
GNP per capita shows
per capita shows what part of a countrys GNP each
person would have if this GNP were divided equally.
Knowing a countrys GNP per capita is a good first
step toward understanding the countrys economic strengths
and needs, as well as the general standard of living enjoyed
by the average citizen. A countrys GNP per capita
tends to be closely linked with other indicators that measure
the social, economic, and environmental well-being of the
country and its people. For example, generally people living
in countries with higher GNP per capita tend to have longer
higher literacy rates,
better access to
safe water, and lower
infant mortality rates.