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Indigenous Knowledge Program for Development

IK Cases

Knowledge Pack : Uganda

This Knowledge Pack contains Indigenous Knowledge cases and other useful information related to Uganda. The indigenous knowledge pack is a tool that provides users with quick access to synthesized information by country or selected thematic area.

For more Information on the
Indigenous Knowledge Program
please contact: Reinhard Woytek

Local IK Sources

Bank Projects related
to IK

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IK Cases


Primary Education


Information Technologies to Reduce Maternal Mortalities


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Primary Education

Summary: To reach Ugandan children who were unable to attend formal primary schooling, a complementary opportunity was offered by a donor assisted program. The program offered basic literacy, numeracy and life-coping skills. But response to the program was moderately enthusiastic, given a tradition in East Africa of local sponsorship of informal schools which subsequently manage to qualify for adoption into the formal system. with. Two unexpected results of the experience proved particularly telling and interesting, however: (1) girls availed themselves of opportunities to a distinctly greater degree than boys; and (2) results across districts turned out to be inversely correlated with the proliferation of NGOs, largely because these latter tended to distort the market for local voluntary action and low-cost instructors by providing free hand-outs and generous salary supplements for their participants.

Lesson: Complementing formal education can achieve a higher impact if the local systems of non-formal education are considered in project implementation.

Source:University of Florida, IK-Notes (to be published)



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Traditional birth attendants using some information technologies contribute to reduction of maternal mortality.

Summary: The Rural Extended Services and Care for Ultimate Emergency Relief (RESCUER) pilot project launched in March 1996, in Iganga District, Uganda, addresses the problem of high maternal mortality. The project helped empower a network of Traditional Birth Attendants (TBA) to partner with the public health service centers (PHC) to deliver health care to pregnant women. This resulted in increased and more timely patient referrals as well as the delivery of health care to a larger number of pregnant women. Modern technology was used to enable the TBAs to refer patients to the PHCs. This involved the installation of a solar powered VHF radio communication system that included fixed base stations at the PHCs, mobile 'walkie talkies' with the TBAs, and vehicle radios in the referral hospital ambulances and the District Medical Officer’s vehicle. A notable impact of the project was that Maternal mortality declined by more than 50% over a period of three years.

Lesson: Enabling and empowering Traditional Birth Attendants can increase the reach of public health services and reduce the incidence of maternal mortality

Source: The Challenge and opportunities of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the health sector by Maria G. N. Musoke, prepared for the African Development Forum (ADF) ’99; Maria G. N. Musoke, Makerere University, Uganda

External Link: IK Notes 40


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Local IK Sources



Uganda, National Council for Science and Technology

Ms. Joyce Muwanga, Coordinator for IK

Uganda House

PO BOX 6884


Tel: 256-41-250499

Fax: 256-41-234579




National Agricultural Research Organization

John Aluma, Deputy Director General, Research

PO Box 295


Tel: 256-41-320264/320472/321348

Fax: 256-41-321070




Uganda National Farmers Association

Augustine M. Mwendya, Chief Executive Secretary

Plot 27, Nakasero Road

PO Box 6213


Tel: 256-41-230705/255250

Fax: 256-41-255242




Traditional and Modern Health Practitioners Together Against AIDS

Mawanda Road, Kamwokya

PO Box 21175


Tel: 256-41-532930

Tel/Fax: 256-41-530619



Victor Herbalist Research Association

Victor Herbalist, Director

PO Box 9974 or 28529


Tel: 256-41-77-479-254

Fax: 256-41-255165


St. Luke Ganda Traditional Medical Clinic and Research Centre

Brother Anatoli Wasswa, Director

PO Box 7,



Tel: 256-41-232931


Nakaseke Multi-Purpose Tele-Centre

Amina Nassolo, Information Officer

PO BOX 1032


Mobile: 256-77-700303

Tel: 256-41-620160



Makerere University

PO Box 16022


Tel: 256-41-554582, 532830/7/8/9

Fax: 256-41-532821



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Bank Projects

HIV / AIDS Control Project

The HIV/AIDS Control Project will support Uganda's National Strategic Framework, which aims at reducing the spread of HIV infection, mitigate the health, and socioeconomic impact of HIV/AIDS at individual, household, and community levels, and strengthen the national capacity to respond to the epidemic. The project components will: 1) support HIV control activities, coordinated by the Uganda AIDS Commission (UAC), which would include capacity building to enhance UAC role. Implementation of legal initiatives will be promoted concerning ethical and human rights issues related to HIV/AIDS, and, project support to HIV-related research, and knowledge management will be coordinated, within different line ministries, and other national government agencies, as well as with civil society organizations, and the private sector; 2) support district initiatives, carried out by district authorities, or the private sector, which include raising awareness on prevention, and mitigation of HIV/AIDS, training, and, provision of related diagnosis, treatment, and care services; and, 3) support community- and civil society-led HIV control initiatives, targeting support to orphans, and the most vulnerable, as well as promoting, and providing home-based care through community-based information, education, and communication on preventing the transmission of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections

Full Report: PAD


Nakivubo Channel Rehabilitation Project

The Nakivubo Channel Rehabilitation project will alleviate the frequent flood incidence on the road network, which affects traffic flows, with an adverse impact on the economic activity and living conditions in Kampala. Institutionally, the Project will enhance the Kampala City Council (KCC) management capacity, helping establish the infrastructure investment policies, and ultimately, support KCC's reform program. The project components include civil works regarding the rehabilitation of the main channel, construction of auxiliary drains, and, the rehabilitation of priority drainage. Consulting services for construction supervision will be financed by the project, as will the required program and policy studies, namely the Kampala Drainage Master Plan Study and the Kampala Urban Transportation Improvement Program Study. Institutional strengthening will support both, the KCC reform program under the strategic framework for reform, and the revenue enhancement

Full Report: PAD


Agricultural Extension Program Project (02)

The National Agricultural Advisory Services Project, will assist poor farmers in Uganda, in becoming aware, and able to adopt improved technology, and management practices in their farming enterprises, to enhance productivity, economic welfare, and sustainability of farming operations. The components will: 1) provide agricultural advisory services to farmers, which should include a program orientation, and group mobilization for farmers participatory planning, farm advisory services, information, and communications, including training assistance; 2) foster linkages among farmers, advisers, and researchers, in addition to links between farmers, and markets, financing contract researchers to develop new technologies, and market adaptation, featuring on-farm technology development, market linkage development, and, expertise to address District, regional, or countrywide technology as agreed by farmer institutions; 3) develop a regulatory framework, by setting standards for qualification, and performance, including technical auditing of service providers; 4) finance training to service providers, to establish a program for assistance in private sector institutional development, to include national representatives, institutions, and public extension staff; and, 5) provide program management, and monitoring, facilitating financial management, auditing, reporting, and management information systems.

Full Report: PAD


Agricultural Research and Training Project (02)

The Second Agricultural Research and Training Project (ARTP II) seeks to a) increase the efficiency and productivity of the dominant crop, livestock, fisheries, and forestry farming systems of Uganda; b) increase farm household income and improve family welfare; and c) enhance the management of natural resources for the protection of the environment. There are three project components. 1) Technology development and adaptation will finance: adaptive research and development activities to address specific production constraints and opportunities; new priorities to respond to serious emerging problems identified in subsequent annual assessment; and establishment of an Agricultural Research and Development Fund to support a competitive research grants scheme. 2) Outreach, extension, and technology dissemination will give priority to the development and transfer of technology embedded in traditional knowledge to address actual constraints of the dominant production systems of Uganda. It will also support demand-driven, client-oriented research and promote active participation of stakeholders in research planning, implementation, and beneficiary impact assessment. 3) Institutional development will support the transformation of National Agriculture Research Organization into a research and development institution and strengthen its capacity to monitor, evaluate, and determine economic impact of improved technologies.

Full Report: PAD


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Bank Sources

Indigenous Knowledge for Development Link to the Homepage of the Indigenous Knowledge for Development Program of the Africa Region

Database of Indigenous Knowledge and Practices Link to the Database of Practices of the Indigenous Knowledge for Development Program of the Africa Region

IK Notes Newsletter Link to the IK Notes of the Indigenous Knowledge for Development Program of the Africa Region

An Introduction to the Microfinance Institutions Contact List


External Sources

Register for Best Practices in Indigenous Knowledge Link to the database of Best Practices of UNESCO

Nuffic/CIRAN IK Development Monitor and Addresses of Other IK Centers Link to the Addresses of Other IK Centers and CIRAN's IK-Pages

Please send feedback or comments to

Should you know of other indigenous knowledge practices that have helped or may help to improve Bank programs, please share them with us. We will enter your contribution into the IK-Database.


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 IK Contribution Format

1. Country:

Where is the practice applied (country and location)?

2. Domain:

In which sector is the practice applied (agriculture, health, social development etc.)?

3. Technology:

What technology (e.g. soil erosion control, childcare, institutional development etc.)?

4. Bearers of Knowledge:

By whom is the practice applied (e.g. Washambaa, local healers, women's group of a given village etc.)?

5. Source:

Where can we inquire further?

Primary provider information (probably yourself or your institution)

Secondary providers of information

Add references to literature, web sites, names of individuals or organizations that can corroborate the practice.

Include addresses of primary and secondary providers of information.

6. Descriptive headline of practice:

One to two lines capturing the main features of a practice.

7. Summary:

Describe the main features of the practice and explain (not more than 200 words).

8. Lessons:

Answer three key questions related to efficacy and impact of the practice.

- Why it is important for the local community?

- Why might it be beneficial to other communities?

- Why should development organizations learn more about this practice?

9. Methods used to capture information:

How was the practice identified, recorded and documented?


The IK database is an open, on-line resource for information on indigenous knowledge practices. The database acts as a referral system and does not disclose the technical details of practices or applications. Most practices in the database have been reported elsewhere in publicly accessible information sources. As is the principle of a referral database the provider of information could be asked by users of the database to provide further information or pointers as regards details of the practice. It is to the discretion of the provider of information and the inquirer to negotiate the terms of the exchange of knowledge. No information provided will be made public without the consent of the provider.

Should you know of other indigenous knowledge practices that have helped or may help to improve Bank programs, please share them with us. We will enter your contribution into the IK-Database.


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