Knowledge Pack : Kenya
This Knowledge Pack contains Indigenous Knowledge cases and other useful information related to Kenya. The indigenous knowledge pack is a tool that provides users with quick access to synthesized information by country or selected thematic area.
Use of Wild Plants for Survival
Summary: East Africa, and especially Tanzania, has one of the richest Flora in tropical Africa. Lowlands, highlands, inland lakes and a variable climate produce a multitude of biotopes: (semi) deciduous or humid forests, Savannah and steppe, Miombo forests, all contribute to that exceptional bio-diversity. Some of the species have considerable economic value for the rural population. They are used for medicinal, dietary or cultural, construction or artesanal purposes. Local communities market some of these plants on local level. However, commercialization beyond local communities takes place only in rare cases.
Lesson: Studying the various uses and commercial value of underutilized plants could generate income for rural communities.
Source: MARECIK N. Ole-Lengisugi; F. Ole-Ikayo, or contact: email@example.com
Use of Plants with Antibiotic Effects.
Summary: The Giriama community depend on "Arabuko-Sokoke" coastal forests for their supplies of medicine, food, etc. They use plant species to prevent or treat infectious diseases for wounds, boils, scabies, diarrhea, dysentery, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Annonaceae, Fabaceae and Vitaceae are the most commonly used plant families. Laboratory tests confirmed that most of the plant species used traditionally to manage bacterial and fungal infections showed strong effects against tested pathogens. The unique Arabuko-Sokoke forests are an endangered biotop due to expanding settlements and other utilization. In the case of its disappearance, the Giriama could lose a source of medicinal plants and a number of unique species of fauna and flora would lose their habitat too.
Lesson: The knowledge of the Giriama is useful for managing the endangered resource and provides the basis for its sustainable use.
Source: MARECIK, N. Ole-Lengisugi, (1998) Doris Mutta
Local IK Sources
Kenya Resource Centre for Indigenous Knowledge
National Museums of Kenya
George H. Abungu, Director General
PO Box 40658, Nairobi
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Centre for Indigenous Knowledge Systems and By-Products
Monica Opole, Coordinator
PO Box 66344, Nairobi
Indigenous Information Network
Lucy Mulenkei, Director
PO Box 74908
Francis N. Sakuda, Director
NGONG-Hills NGONG Kenya
PO Box 577
Tel: 254 0303
Environment Liaison Centre International
Dr. Ernest Rukangira, Director
Tel: (254-2) 22154
International Development Resource Council
Tel: 713 160/1
Francesta E.Farmer, Director
Mama Ngina Street
PO Box 48147
Traditional Media Agency for Development
PO Box 66514
Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
PO Box 67839
Early Childhood Development Project
The development objective of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) Project is to improve quality and educability of children in poor Kenyan households. The project seeks to: (1) improve child cognitive and psycho-social development; (2) improve child health and nutrition; (3) increase school enrollment at the appropriate age; and (4) reduce dropout and repetition rates in lower primary school. An important collaborative objective is to improve the human capital potential specifically of poor and otherwise disadvantaged pre-schoolers. The project consists of two core components: (1) improving ECD worker training, performance, and supervision; and (2) community capacity building, mobilization, and parenting education. Three pilot interventions will test options to develop cost-effective, replicable models for: (1) improving the financing of ECD services in poor communities by way of community grants; (2) raising nutrition and health standards of pre-schoolers, including those in the particularly vulnerable first three years of life; and (3) smoothing the transition from pre-school to primary school.
Full Report: PID
National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) (02)
Full Report: PID
District AIDS and Reproductive Health (DARE) Project
The Decentralized Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Project will improve mother, and child health through integral delivery services in reproductive health, child survival, and HIV/AIDS care, and, slow the increased HIV ratio, by decentralizing management delivery services to, and within districts. The components will: 1) support the Government in implementing its decentralization policy, by improving fiscal decentralization, building capacity at provincial, district, and sub-district levels, as well as improving planning and financial management, organizational restructuring, and systems development. Activities include the application of new resource allocation criteria, based on an objective, transparent, poverty-focused rationale; recurrent budgets, simplified to allow increased discretionary control in resource allocation; and, capacity building, to focus on financial management training for District Health, Hospital and Rural Management Boards; 2) focus on the medical aspects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, to also include preventive medicine, based on behavior interventions, contraceptive uses, blood testing, etc, with special attention to the poor, adolescent, and women; and, 3) address reproductive health, on such issues as family planning, safe motherhood, child survival, and sexually transmitted infections. Training, and procurement of drugs, and equipment will be financed.
Full Report: PAD
Indigenous Knowledge for Development
Link to the Homepage of the Indigenous Knowledge for Development
Program of the Africa Region
Database of Indigenous Knowledge and Practices Link to the Database of Practices of the Indigenous Knowledge for Development Program of the Africa Region
IK Notes Newsletter Link to the IK Notes of the Indigenous Knowledge for Development Program of the Africa Region
An Introduction to the Microfinance Institutions Contact List
Register for Best Practices in Indigenous Knowledge Link to the database of Best Practices of UNESCO
Nuffic/CIRAN IK Development Monitor and Addresses of Other IK Centers Link to the Addresses of Other IK Centers and CIRAN's IK-Pages
Please send feedback or comments to firstname.lastname@example.org
Should you know of other indigenous knowledge practices that have helped or may help to improve Bank programs, please share them with us. We will enter your contribution into the IK-Database.
IK Contributing Format
Where is the practice applied (country and location)?
In which sector is the practice applied (agriculture, health, social development etc.)?
What technology (e.g. soil erosion control, childcare, institutional development etc.)?
4. Bearers of Knowledge:
By whom is the practice applied (e.g. Washambaa, local healers, women's group of a given village etc.)?
Where can we inquire further?
Primary provider information (probably yourself or your institution)
Secondary providers of information
Add references to literature, web sites, names of individuals or organizations that can corroborate the practice.
Include addresses of primary and secondary providers of information.
6. Descriptive headline of practice:
One to two lines capturing the main features of a practice.
Describe the main features of the practice and explain (not more than 200 words).
Answer three key questions related to efficacy and impact of the practice.
- Why it is important for the local community?
- Why might it be beneficial to other communities?
- Why should development organizations learn more about this practice?
9. Methods used to capture information:
How was the practice identified, recorded and documented?
The IK database is an open, on-line resource for information on indigenous knowledge practices. The database acts as a referral system and does not disclose the technical details of practices or applications. Most practices in the database have been reported elsewhere in publicly accessible information sources. As is the principle of a referral database the provider of information could be asked by users of the database to provide further information or pointers as regards details of the practice. It is to the discretion of the provider of information and the inquirer to negotiate the terms of the exchange of knowledge. No information provided will be made public without the consent of the provider.